Distribution of cultivated barley and wild relatives genetic resources

Contributors to this page: ICARDA, Syria (Ahmed Amri, Bilal Humeid, Kenneth Street, Natalya Rukhkyan, Jan Konopka, Siham Asaad, Adnan Omran and Fida Alô).

Policies and regulations
User related issues
Recording information

Policies and regulations for distribution

Common policies on distribution and access to plant material

Policy exceptions

National laws and regulations

It is essential to follow the terms and conditions in the host country agreements.

International laws and regulations

Phytosanitary regulations

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User related issues for distribution

Feedback to users

Customer assurance

Recommended procedures that ensure the material distributed matches the client request. It is very important that records are kept and that there is an information feedback.

Feedback from users

The most relevant information required to be received from users is as follows:

Quantity of material recommended to be distributed

A small quantity of seed should be distributed to keep the active collection seed stocks for longer and hence reduce the regeneration frequency.

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Procedures for distribution

Check availability

Preparing samples for distribution

Preparing the information list to accompany the plant material

Dispatching the plant material

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Recording Information

Recording information during distribution

The following information must be recorded for each consignment:

System for tracking material/inventory system for distribution

References and further reading

Rao NK, Hanson J, Dulloo ME, Ghosh K, Nowel D, Larinde M. 2006. Manual of seed handling in genebanks. Handbooks for Genebanks No. 8. Bioversity International, Rome, Italy. Available in English (1.5 MB),  Spanish (1.4 MB) and French (1.9 MB).

The International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture. (Homepage of ITPGRFA) [online]. Available from: Date accessed: 27 January 2010.

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See the Safe Transfer of Germplasm (STOG) section in this website for seed health movement (this is essential to avoid the spread of pests and diseases).

The Genebanks

The 11 CGIAR genebanks currently conserve 730,000 of cereals and grain legumes, forage crops, tree species, root and tuber crops, bananas and crop wild relatives.