Characterization of radish genetic resources

Contributors to this page: CAAS, China (Qiu Yang, Li Xixiang); Bioversity International, Italy (Imke Thormann, Ehsan Dulloo); CGN, Netherlands (Noortje Bas); IPK, Germany (Andreas Börner, Ulrike Lohwasser); AVRDC, Taiwan (Andreas Ebert); USDA, USA (Larry Robertson); NBPGR, India (Chitra Pandey); SASA, UK (George Campbell); University of Warwick, UK (Charlotte Allender).

Cultural practices
Recording information

Cultural practices



For vegetative growth

For reproductive growth

Plot size


Standard check cultivars

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Descriptors for characterization

A set-up for photographing radish from a CGN characterization field in 2007. (photo: M.Thomas)

Morphological descriptors for characterization

Pictures for characterization

Sufficient detail should be captured in images to taxonomically identify the plant and demonstrate the traits that show variation.

Molecular markers for characterization

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Recording information during characterization

The following information should be recorded for each trial:

System for characterization data

References and further reading

Beattie JH. 1882. Production of radishes. [online]. Washington, D.C.. UNT Digital Library. Available from: Date accessed June 8, 2010.

Cornell University. 2006. Growing guide: Radishes. [online] Cornell University. Available from Date accessed June 8, 2010.

Dainello FJ. 2003. Radish. Texas Cooperative Extension, Horticulture Crop Guides Series. Available from Date accessed June 8, 2010.

IBPGR. 1990. Descriptors for Brassica and Raphanus. International Board for Plant Genetic Resources, Rome, Italy. Published in association with the Commission of the European Communities. Available here (1.5 MB).

Li XX, Shen D, Wang HP, Song JP et al. 2008. Descriptors and Data Standard for Radish (Raphanus sativus L.). Beijing: Chinese Agricultural Press.

Radish. [online] New world Encyclopedia. Available from Date accessed June 8, 2010.

Shippers RR. 2004. Raphanus sativus L. [online] Record from Protabase. Grubben GJH, Denton OA, editors. PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa / Ressources végétales de l’Afrique tropicale), Wageningen, Netherlands. Available from: Date accessed: 22 January 2010.

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The Genebanks

The 11 CGIAR genebanks currently conserve 730,000 of cereals and grain legumes, forage crops, tree species, root and tuber crops, bananas and crop wild relatives.