Import / Export of Forage Legume Germplasm

Contributors to this page are: CIAT, Colombia (Maritza Cuervo, Cesar Medina, Jose Luis Ramirez, Socorro Balcazar, Josefina Martinez, Daniel Debouck); ILRI, Ethiopia (Jean Hanson, Janice Proud, Juvy Cantrell); ICARDA, Syria (Siham Asaad).

CIAT has a plant quarantine agreement with ICA (Instituto Colombiano Agropecuario) establishing guidelines to facilitate germplasm exchange. The agreement permits the transit of seed through customs and quarantine stations according to the level of potential risk of introducing pests and diseases not yet reported in Colombia. ICA has established quarantine procedures to regulate the introduction of plant germplasm and for issuing of phytosanitary certificates.

ILRI follows the current host country regulations of Ethiopia, for the importation of plant materials. Application for import of plant materials stating common name, botanical name and quantity is made to the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Plant Quarantine Service. A plant importation permit is issued indicating any specific conditions for the species and materials are inspected on entry before being released for use. Export of materials follows a similar process with application to the same office and inspection before a phytosanitory certificate is issued.

The Genebanks

The 11 CGIAR genebanks currently conserve 730,000 of cereals and grain legumes, forage crops, tree species, root and tuber crops, bananas and crop wild relatives.