Safe Transfer of Wheat Germplasm

Contributors to this page: CIMMYT, Mexico (Etienne Duveiller, Monica Mezzalama, Eloise Phipps, Thomas Payne, Jesper Norgaard), Independent consultant (Jesse Dubin). ICARDA, Aleppo, Syria (Siham Asaad, Abdulrahman Moukahal).

CIMMYT, as one of the 15 CGIAR centers, has the mandate for care and maintenance of wheat germplasm. The Wellhausen-Anderson Genetic Resources Center provides secure, long-term storage for critical wheat genetic resources; facilitating their use to solve practical breeding problems; improving knowledge about genetic diversity; developing and assessing complementary strategies for in situ and ex situ conservation; exploring genetic diversity at the molecular level; helping develop global databases on wheat genetic resources.

The Plant Genetic Resource Center’s specially designed vaults currently hold 168,000 Triticeae samples, including bread wheat, durum wheat, and triticale (a man-made crop developed by crossing wheat with rye), with significant collections of primitive and wild relatives of wheat. ICARDA also maintains a germplasm collection of wheat and wheat relatives.

Both CIMMYT and ICARDA have responsibilities for wheat and the information on quarantine regulations and guidelines is presented for both institutions.

 Information is included on:

References and further reading

Compendium of Wheat Diseases and Pests. 2010. Edited by William W. Bockus, Robert L. Bowden, Robert M. Hunger, Wendell L.
Morrill, Timothy D. Murray, and Richard W. Smiley. APS Press, St. Paul, MN. USA. ISBN 978-89054-385-6.

The Genebanks

The 11 CGIAR genebanks currently conserve 730,000 of cereals and grain legumes, forage crops, tree species, root and tuber crops, bananas and crop wild relatives.