Genetic Resources Unit
Most of the world considers rice Asian in origin, but rice also has deep African roots. While Oryza sativa was domesticated in Asia, the only other domesticated species, O. glaberrima, is African rice.
AfricaRice’s genebank currently contains almost 22,000 accessions, 85% of which originated in Africa. In addition to the two cultivated rice species, these include the five African crop wild relatives. Long-term conservation is carried out at its new genebank at Bouaké, Côte d’Ivoire.
Characterisation and evaluation of crop diversity are major activities at AfricaRice, with special attention being given to screening for resistance to major diseases and environmental stresses. As a result, genes for resistance to diseases and pests such as rice yellow mottle virus (RYMV), blast and African rice gall midge are now identified. The GRU is collaborating in studies to use high-throughput precision phenotyping to identify further useful traits. Early flowering and tolerance of stagnant flooding are traits that are also being explored in the collections.
Other important activities include the restoration of lost crop diversity to countries affected by war, provision of conservation services to NARS, and training and capacity building.
A formal germplasm health unit is in the process of being set up.
Genebank Manager: Marie-Noelle Ndjiondjop
Key staff: Genebank researchers: Fatima Bachabi, Dro Daniel Tia, Goungoulou Alphonse Junior, Kpeki Bienvenu.
AfricaRice Genebank Website
Search Genesys for accessions at AfricaRice
Key performance indicators of CGIAR genebanks, 2012-2017HINT: Use the search key to filter the data. For descriptions of performance indicators, click here.
|1. Total number of accessions||19,538||19,983||19,983||19,954||21,300||21,300|
|2. Total number of accessions that are currently available||12,200||14,000||15,596||16,371||17,969||18,889|
|3. Number of seed accessions||19,538||19,983||19,983||19,954||21,300||21,300|
|4. Number of vegetatively-propagated accessions||0||0||0||0||0||0|
|5. Number of live plant accessions||0||0||0||0||0||0|
|6. Number of seed accessions held in long-term storage and safety duplicated at two levels||5,382||5,382||5,536||8,046||10,453||13,144|
|7. Number of vegetatively-propagated accessions in cryopreservation or safety duplicated as in vitro||0||0||0||0||0||0|
Genebank operations, 2012-2017HINT: Use the search key to filter the data
|Number accessions received||451||244||871||127||171||0|
|Number accessions regenerated||237||1,818||1,597||712||164||920|
|Number accessions multiplied||1,800||735||1,412||2,086||4,136||718|
|Number accessions health tested||450||595||547||1,276||700||1,064|
|Number accessions cleaned||450||595||547||1,276||700||0|
|Number accessions viability tested||1,200||2,500||3,596||6,984||6,972||4,075|