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International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT)

RS Paroda Genebank

ICRISAT focuses on pulses and cereals that are important for food security in the semi-arid areas of the world.

Accessions of wild cereals ready for multiplication at the ICRISAT genebank.
Accessions of wild cereals ready for multiplication at the ICRISAT genebank. Credit: Shawn Landersz

The main genebank collection is at the center’s headquarters in Hyderabad, India, and there are additional facilities in Niger, Kenya and Zimbabwe.

The genebank holds more than 123,000 accessions, almost 50,000 of which are pulses of various kinds, mostly chickpea, pigeonpea and groundnut, and their wild relatives. Sorghum is the most dominant single species, with 39,000 accessions. There are about 33,000 accessions of millets, including almost 23,000 of pearl millet.

ICRISAT developed the idea of mini-core collections, a representative sample of about 1% of the accessions of a species, selected and evaluated to help breeders find the traits they are interested in. Research is continuing to develop additional mini-core collections in collaboration with breeders.

ICRISAT maintains a Plant Quarantine Laboratory where incoming and outgoing samples are examined and certified by officials of the Indian Plant Quarantine Services.

Useful information

Genebank Director: Hari Upadhyaya
Key staff: DVSSR Sastry, Seed collection manager; KN Reddy, Curator.

Chickpea

Finger millet

Pearl millet

Pigeonpea

Sorghum

External links

Website
Search Genesys for accessions at ICRISAT

Status of ICRISAT genebank according to performance targets

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2016
Accessions124,508
Availability91%
Safety duplication15%
Passport Data Completeness Index (Average)6.05

ICRISAT genebank by the numbers

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Full-time staff equivalents44.4
Date to reach performance targets2020
Projected accession numbers in 2022Millets and sorghum 94,930; chickpea, groundnut and pigeonpea 53,521

ICRISAT field staff working the pigeon pea Regeneration and Charactarization field.
ICRISAT field staff working the pigeon pea Regeneration and Charactarization field. Credit: Shawn Landersz

Publications

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