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International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT)

RS Paroda Genebank

ICRISAT focuses on pulses and cereals that are important for food security in the semi-arid areas of the world.

Accessions of wild cereals ready for multiplication at the ICRISAT genebank.
Accessions of wild cereals ready for multiplication at the ICRISAT genebank. Credit: Shawn Landersz

The main genebank collection is at the center’s headquarters in Hyderabad, India, and there are additional facilities in Niger, Kenya and Zimbabwe.

The genebank holds more than 123,000 accessions, almost 50,000 of which are pulses of various kinds, mostly chickpea, pigeonpea and groundnut, and their wild relatives. Sorghum is the most dominant single species, with 39,000 accessions. There are about 33,000 accessions of millets, including almost 23,000 of pearl millet.

ICRISAT developed the idea of mini-core collections, a representative sample of about 1% of the accessions of a species, selected and evaluated to help breeders find the traits they are interested in. Research is continuing to develop additional mini-core collections in collaboration with breeders.

ICRISAT maintains a Plant Quarantine Laboratory where incoming and outgoing samples are examined and certified by officials of the Indian Plant Quarantine Services.

Useful information

Genebank Director: Hari Upadhyaya
Key staff: DVSSR Sastry, Seed collection manager; KN Reddy, Curator.

Chickpea

Finger millet

Pearl millet

Pigeonpea

Sorghum

External links

Website
Search Genesys for accessions at ICRISAT

Key performance indicators of CGIAR genebanks, 2012-2017

HINT: Use the search key to filter the data. For descriptions of performance indicators, click here.
Indicator 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
1. Total number of accessions 118,887 119,157 123,014 123,921 124,508 126,825
2. Total number of accessions that are currently available 60,381 84,734 104,377 107,272 113,203 120,097
3. Number of seed accessions 113,688 116,407 120,527 121,105 123,497 125,685
4. Number of vegetatively-propagated accessions 10,235 10,235 11,082 11,457 11,466 11,797
5. Number of live plant accessions 0 0 0 o 0 0
6. Number of seed accessions held in long-term storage and safety duplicated at two levels 18,633 18,633 18,633 18,633 18,633 18,633
7. Number of vegetatively-propagated accessions in cryopreservation or safety duplicated as in vitro 5,205 5,205 5,205 5,205 5,205 5,205

Genebank operations, 2012-2017

HINT: Use the search key to filter the data
Indicator 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Number accessions received 2,707 637 1,364 1,294 2,551 3,029
Number accessions regenerated 2,712 1,440 1,441 1,828 7,135 1,452
Number accessions multiplied 10,136 6,256 5,763 8,651 6,714 5,808
Number accessions health tested 973 5,523 5,602 6,348 6,181 13,252
Number accessions cleaned 0 3,445 3,993 0 2,324 4,437
Number accessions viability tested 8,309 7,985 6,737 9,122 7,367 13,185
ICRISAT field staff working the pigeon pea Regeneration and Characterisation field.
ICRISAT field staff working the pigeon pea Regeneration and Charactarization field. Credit: Shawn Landersz
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