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Bioversity International

International Musa Germplasm Transit Centre

The Bioversity International Musa Germplasm Transit Centre (ITC) is hosted at the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium, and is home to the world’s largest collection of banana diversity.

The Bioversity International Musa Germplasm Transit Centre (ITC) is home to the world’s largest collection of banana germplasm. The collection contains more than 1,500 accessions of edible and wild species of banana and is hosted at the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven (KU Leuven). Photo: Michael Major/Crop Trust

ITC Website

The collection includes more than 1,500 accessions of cultivated and wild species of banana. The accessions are kept in vitro under slow growth conditions at 16°C. For security, samples are frozen in liquid nitrogen at –196°C. Such cryopreserved material can be conserved indefinitely and revived into full banana plants as needed. In addition, this frozen collection is safety duplicated at the Institut de recherche pour le développement (IRD) in Montpellier, France.

The Laboratory of Plant Pathology from Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech (Liège University, Belgium) provides virus-indexing and plant health services. Virus negative material is freely available for international distribution upon request from the MGIS website, which holds passport data on all ITC accessions. Samples are accompanied by a health statement, phytosanitary certificate and a copy of the Standard Material Transfer Agreement.

ITC collaborates widely with partners in many locations around the world through the Musa Genetic Resources Network (MusaNet).

Banana

Key Staff

Head of Genetic Resources: Nicolas Roux
Genebank Manager: Ines Van den Houwe
Cryopreservation Specialist: Bart Panis

Key performance indicators of CGIAR genebanks, 2012-2019

HINT: Use the search key to filter the data. For descriptions of performance indicators, click here.
Indicator 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Base number of accessions in the collections (see description note) 1,455 1,479 1,518 1,544 1,546 1,566 1,617
Number of accessions that are viability tested, disease-free and with sufficient seed number for immediate distribution. 897 897 938 957 980 987 946
Number of seed accessions in the collections 0 0 0 0 0 0
Number of vegetatively-propagated accessions in the collections 1,455 1,479 1,518 1,544 1,546 1,566 1,617
Number of live plant accessions 0 0 0 0 0
Numbers of accessions in seed collections held in long-term storage and safety duplicated in a major genebank and in the Svalbard Global Seed Vault. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Number of vegetatively-propagated accessions (e.g., roots, tubers, bananas) in cryopreservation or safety duplicated as in vitro samples. 801 801 801 924 921 1,053 1,053
Of the accessions that are legally and physically available, how many are wild species? 181 180 171
Base number of accessions in the collections (see description note) 1,455 1,479 1,518 1,544 1,546 1,566 1,617
Number of accessions that are viability tested, disease-free and with sufficient seed number for immediate distribution. 897 897 938 957 980 987 946
Number of seed accessions in the collections 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Number of vegetatively-propagated accessions in the collections 1,455 1,479 1,518 1,544 1,546 1,566 1,617
Number of live plant accessions 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Numbers of accessions in seed collections held in long-term storage and safety duplicated in a major genebank and in the Svalbard Global Seed Vault. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Number of vegetatively-propagated accessions (e.g., roots, tubers, bananas) in cryopreservation or safety duplicated as in vitro samples. 801 801 801 924 921 1,053 1,053
Of the accessions that are legally and physically available, how many are wild species? 0 0 0 0 181 180 171

Genebank operations, 2012-2019

HINT: Use the search key to filter the data
Indicator 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Number of accessions with passport & characterization data available . . . . . . . 1,600
Number accessions received 30 43 22 5 20 66 25 34
Number accessions regenerated 3 0 20 46 27 17 65 84
Number accessions multiplied 1,209 1,226 1,184 1,361 1,213 2,864 3,096 3,742
Number accessions health tested 17 78 0 0 40 44 27 32
Number accessions cleaned 20 9 5 2 0 77 23 67
Number accessions viability tested 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

Number of samples distributed to users within and outside the CGIAR, 2012-2019

HINT: Use the search key to filter the data. For descriptions of performance indicators, click here.
Indicator 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Total number external germplasm requests 68 66 37 51 49 43 33
Number of samples distributed internally within the Center and to another CGIAR Center 177 61 118 0 67 11 29
Number of samples distributed to users outside the CGIAR 1,009 644 1,032 860 551 445 553
Sum of samples distributed within and outside the CGIAR 1,186 705 1,150 860 618 456 582
Number of accessions distributed internally within the Center and to another CGIAR Center 177 61 118 0 64 11 29
Number of accessions distributed to users outside the CGIAR 532 431 693 617 537 438 515
Sum of accessions distributed within and outside the CGIAR 709 492 811 617 601 449 544
Total number external germplasm requests 68 66 37 51 49 43 33
Number of samples distributed internally within the Center and to another CGIAR Center 177 61 118 0 67 11 29
Number of samples distributed to users outside the CGIAR 1,009 644 1,032 860 551 445 553
Sum of samples distributed within and outside the CGIAR 1,186 705 1,150 860 618 456 582
Number of accessions distributed internally within the Center and to another CGIAR Center 177 61 118 0 64 11 29
Number of accessions distributed to users outside the CGIAR 532 431 693 617 537 438 515
Sum of accessions distributed within and outside the CGIAR 709 492 811 617 601 449 544

Publications by Bioversity genebank staff in 2019

Recent publications with at least one CGIAR genebank staff as author. HINT: Use the search key to filter the data.
Authors Article title Publication name URL
Bawin, Yves; Panis, Bartholomeus; Vanden Abeele, Samuel; Li, Zhiying; Sardos, Julie; Paofa, Janet; Ge, Xue-Jun; Mertens, Arne; Honnay, Olivier; Janssens, Steven Genetic diversity and core subset selection in ex situ seed collections of the banana crop wild relative Musa balbisiana Plant Genetic Resources READ
Alberto Cenci , Yann Hueber, Yasmin Zorrilla-Fontanesi, Jelle van Wesemael, Ewaut Kissel, Marie Gislard, Julie Sardos, Rony Swennen, Nicolas Roux, Sebastien Christian Carpentier and Mathieu Rouard Effect of paleopolyploidy and allopolyploidy on gene expression in banana BMC Genomics READ
Yaw Nti-Addae, Dave Matthews, Victor Jun Ulat, Raza Syed, Guilhem Sempéré, Adrien Pétel, Jon Renner, Pierre Larmande, Valentin Guignon, Elizabeth Jones, Kelly Robbins Benchmarking database systems for Genomic Selection implementation Database READ
Hammond, Stacy Denise Hammond; Viehmannova, Iva; Zamecnik, Jiri; Panis, Bart; Cepkova, Petra Hlasna Efficient slow-growth conservation and assessment of clonal fidelity of Ullucus tuberosus Caldas microshoots Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture READ
Prudente, Debora de Oliveira; Paiva, Renato; Domiciano, Debora; de Souza, Lucas Batista; Carpentier, Sebastien; Swennen, Rony; Silva, Luciano Coutinho; Nery, Fernanda Carlota; Flausino Maximo, Wesley Pires; Panis, Bart The cryoprotectant PVS2 plays a crucial role in germinating Passiflora ligularis embryos after cryopreservation by influencing the mobilization of lipids and the antioxidant metabolism Journal of Plant Physiology READ
Sinnesael, Arne; Leroux, Olivier; Janssens, Steven B.; Smets, Eric; Panis, Bart; Verstraete, Brecht Is the bacterial leaf nodule symbiosis obligate for Psychotria umbellata? The development of a Burkholderia-free host plant PLoS One READ
Panis, B. Sixty years of plant cryopreservation: From freezing Hardy mulberry twigs to establishing reference crop collections for future generations Acta Horticulturae READ
 Wilms H, Rhee JH, Rivera RL, Longin K, Panis B Developing coconut cryopreservation protocols and establishing cryo-genebank at RDA; a collaborative project between RDA and Bioversity International Acta Horticulturae READ
Folgado R, Panis B Cryopreservation of Ashe magnolia shoot-tips by droplet-vitrification Acta Horticulturae READ
Panis, B. Crop Cryopreservation For Ensuring Food Security; Realizations And Challenges Cryobiology READ
Margit Drapal, Elisabete Barros de Carvalho, Mathieu Rouard, Delphine Amah, Julie Sardos, Ines Van den Houwe, Allan Brown, Nicolas Roux, Paul D. Fraser Metabolite profiling characterises chemotypes of Musa diploids and triploids at juvenile and pre-flowering growth stages Scientific Reports READ

Publications by Bioversity genebank staff in 2018

Recent publications with at least one CGIAR genebank staff as author. HINT: Use the search key to filter the data.
Authors Article title Publication name URL
Sinnesael, A., Eeckhout, S., Janssens, S., Smets,E., Panis, B., Verstraete, B. Detection of Burkholderia in the seeds of Psychotria punctata (Rubiaceae) – Microscopic evidence for vertical transmission in the leaf nodule symbiosis. PLoS One READ
Ellis, D., Escobar, R., Gueye, B., Panis, B., Vollmer, R., Popova, E. Cryobanking clonal crops: When knowledge and practice are not the same. Cryobiology, Abstracts of CRYO2018 READ
Němečková, A., Christelová, P., Čížková, J., Nyine, M., Van den houwe, I., Svačina, R., Uwimana, B., Swennen, R., Doležel, J. and Hribová, E. Molecular and cytogenetic study of east African highland banana. Frontiers of Plant Science READ
Sardos, J., Christelová, P., Čížková, J., Paofa, J., Sachter-Smith, G. L., Janssens, S. B., Rauka, G. , Ruas, M. , Daniells, J. W.,Doležel, J.,Roux, N. Collection of new diversity of wild and cultivated bananas (Musa spp.) in the autonomous region of Bougainville, Papua New Guinea. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution READ
Rouard, M., Droc, G., Martin, G., Hueber, Y., Sardos, J., Guignon, V., Cenci, A., Geigle, B., Hibbins, M., Yahiaoui, N., Baurens, F., Berry, V., Hahn, M., D’Hont, A., Roux, N.  Three new genome assemblies support a rapid radiation in Musa acuminata (wild banana). Genome Biology and Evolution READ
Halewood, M., Lopez Noriega, I., Ellis, D., Roa, C., Rouard, M., Sackville Hamilton, R. Using genomic sequence information to increase conservation and sustainable use of crop diversity and benefit-sharing. Biopreservation and Biobanking READ

Publications by Bioversity genebank staff in 2018

Recent publications with at least one CGIAR genebank staff as author. HINT: Use the search key to filter the data.
Authors Article title Publication name URL
Sinnesael, A., Eeckhout, S., Janssens, S., Smets,E., Panis, B., Verstraete, B. Detection of Burkholderia in the seeds of Psychotria punctata (Rubiaceae) – Microscopic evidence for vertical transmission in the leaf nodule symbiosis. PLoS One READ
Ellis, D., Escobar, R., Gueye, B., Panis, B., Vollmer, R., Popova, E. Cryobanking clonal crops: When knowledge and practice are not the same. Cryobiology, Abstracts of CRYO2018 READ
Němečková, A., Christelová, P., Čížková, J., Nyine, M., Van den houwe, I., Svačina, R., Uwimana, B., Swennen, R., Doležel, J. and Hribová, E. Molecular and cytogenetic study of east African highland banana. Frontiers of Plant Science READ
Sardos, J., Christelová, P., Čížková, J., Paofa, J., Sachter-Smith, G. L., Janssens, S. B., Rauka, G. , Ruas, M. , Daniells, J. W.,Doležel, J.,Roux, N. Collection of new diversity of wild and cultivated bananas (Musa spp.) in the autonomous region of Bougainville, Papua New Guinea. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution READ
Rouard, M., Droc, G., Martin, G., Hueber, Y., Sardos, J., Guignon, V., Cenci, A., Geigle, B., Hibbins, M., Yahiaoui, N., Baurens, F., Berry, V., Hahn, M., D’Hont, A., Roux, N.  Three new genome assemblies support a rapid radiation in Musa acuminata (wild banana). Genome Biology and Evolution READ
Halewood, M., Lopez Noriega, I., Ellis, D., Roa, C., Rouard, M., Sackville Hamilton, R. Using genomic sequence information to increase conservation and sustainable use of crop diversity and benefit-sharing. Biopreservation and Biobanking READ

Publications by Bioversity genebank staff in 2017

Recent publications with at least one CGIAR genebank staff as author. HINT: Use the search key to filter the data.
Authors Article title Publication name URL
Max Ruas, V. Guignon, G. Sempere, J. Sardos, Y. Hueber, H. Duvergey, A. Andrieu, R. Chase, C. Jenny, T. Hazekamp, B. Irish, K. Jelali, J. Adeka, T. Ayala-Silva, C.P. Chao, J. Daniells, B. Dowiya, B. Effa effa, L. Gueco, L. Herradura, L. Ibobondji, E. Kempenaers, J. Kilangi, S. Muhangi, P. Ngo Xuan, J. Paofa, C. Pavis, D. Thiemele, C. Tossou, J. Sandoval, A. Sutanto, G. Vangu Paka, G. Yi, I. Van den houwe, N. Roux, M. Rouard MGIS: managing banana (Musa spp.) genetic resources information and high-throughput genotyping data. Database READ
Al-Idrus, A., Carpentier, S.C., Ahmad, M.T., Panis, B., Mohamed, Z. Elucidation of the compatible interaction between banana and Meloidogyne incognita via high-throughput proteome profiling. PLoS ONE READ
De Clerck, C., Crew, K., Van den houwe, I., McMichael, L., Berhal, C., Lassois, L., Haissam Jijakli, M., Roux, N., Thomas, J. and Massart, S. Lessons learned from the virus indexing of Musa germplasm: insights from a multiyear collaboration. Annals of Applied Biology READ

 

 

In Vitro tubes containing banana at Bioversity International
In vitro tubes containing banana at Bioversity International. Credit: Shawn Landersz
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