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International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT)

Genetic Resources Program

CIAT’s Genetic Resources Program conserves large collections of beans and tropical forages as seed and whole plants, and cassava in vitro and as small plants.

Process of counting seeds before packaging in the CIAT genebank. <br/>Credit: Shawn Landersz
Process of counting seeds before packaging in the CIAT genebank. Photo: Shawn Landersz

Regeneration of beans and forages is undertaken by a specialised production group that makes use of advanced facilities to produce suitable quantities of high-quality seed that maintains the genetic integrity of the original accession.

The Genetic Resources Program is collaborating with researchers in the CGIAR HarvestPlus program to select bean varieties that offer increased iron for better nutrition. It is also working to find tolerance to cassava brown streak virus and with the Livestock-Plus program of CGIAR to improve Brachiaria as a fodder plant.

The Germplasm Health Unit has a staff of nine. For beans and forages, the GHU examines seed for the presence of pathogens and pests, while for cassava, samples of which are generally produced in vitro, the focus is on virus indexing.

Useful information

Genebank Manager: Peter Wenzl, Genetic Resources Program Leader
Head of Germplasm Health Unit: Maritza Cuervo Ibáñez
Key staff: Luis G. Santos, Coordinator of seed conservation; Ericson Aranzales, Coordinator of tissue culture.

Beans

Cassava

Forages

External links

Website
Search Genesys for accessions at CIAT

Key performance indicators of CGIAR genebanks, 2012-2017

HINT: Use the search key to filter the data. For descriptions of performance indicators, click here.
Indicator 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
1. Total number of accessions 67,089 67,304 67,770 67,770 67,770 68,339
2. Total number of accessions that are currently available 51,897 55,009 47,644 52,754 58,069 62,884
3. Number of seed accessions 60,457 60,661 61,127 61,127 61,127 60,427
4. Number of vegetatively-propagated accessions 6,632 6,643 6,643 6,643 6,643 6,643
5. Number of live plant accessions 0 0 0 0 0 1,269
6. Number of seed accessions held in long-term storage and safety duplicated at two levels 36,627 38,604 40,534 43,832 46,666 49,199
7. Number of vegetatively-propagated accessions in cryopreservation or safety duplicated as in vitro 0 4,174 2,232 2,191 2,543 3,995

Genebank operations, 2012-2017

HINT: Use the search key to filter the data
Indicator 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Number accessions received 371 651 304 571 355 6
Number accessions regenerated 1,776 1,626 725 659 7,399 1,603
Number accessions multiplied 9,459 7,246 6,713 10,848 3,995 8,934
Number accessions health tested 9,452 3,438 3,618 5,796 7,043 8,349
Number accessions cleaned 12,818 2,860 3,074 3,610 5,432 3,365
Number accessions viability tested 7,041 2,359 7,754 8,255 4,665 9,826

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