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International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA)

Genetic Resources Section

ICARDA manages diverse collections of barley and wheat, grain legumes and forages, mostly traditional landraces and wild species from the Fertile Crescent.

GRS website

Once working out of Syria, the genebank has relocated to Morocco and Lebanon in the past years. Morocco stores cultivated species of wheat, barley, chickpea and lentil while Lebanon stores faba bean and grasspea and wild relatives of cereals and legumes. The genebank also holds more than 1,380 accessions of Rhizobium strains, vital for enabling legumes to make use of atmospheric nitrogen and increase soil fertility.

The ICARDA genebank helped develop a new methodology, known as Focused Identification of Germplasm Strategy (FIGS), to give breeders and other researchers a better chance to find useful traits within a large number of accessions. The Genetic Resources Section also conducts pre-breeding activities, for example the introgression of genes from wild species to help broaden the genetic base of wheat.

ICARDA has built a unique capacity to regenerate crop wild relatives with more than 200 isolation cages in Lebanon.

The genebank has also re-established the capacity to carry out routine germplasm health testing.

Barley
Wheat
Chickpea
Lentil
Faba bean
Forage grasses
Forage legumes
Grasspea

Key performance indicators of CGIAR genebanks, 2012-2018

HINT: Use the search key to filter the data. For descriptions of performance indicators, click here.
Crop Indicator 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Barley Total number of accessions 30,454 31,761 31,961 32,305 32,560 32,788 32,790
Barley Total number of accessions that are currently available 24,278 24,253 24,253 24,147 24,147 24,259 25,113
Barley Number of seed accessions 30,454 31,761 31,961 32,305 32,560 32,788 32,790
Barley Number of vegetatively-propagated accessions 0 0 0 0 0 0 -
Barley Number of live plant accessions 0 0 0 0 0 0
Barley Number of seed accessions held in long-term storage and safety duplicated at two levels 25,890 29,065 29,075 20,786 20,786 15,440 12,263
Barley Number of vegetatively-propagated accessions in cryopreservation or safety duplicated as in vitro 0 0 0 0 0 0 -
Chickpea Total number of accessions 14,484 14,906 15,316 15,742 15,742 15,749 15,749
Chickpea Total number of accessions that are currently available 8,780 8,725 8,725 9,093 9,093 9,543 10,599
Chickpea Number of seed accessions 14,484 14,906 15,316 15,742 15,742 15,749 15,749
Chickpea Number of vegetatively-propagated accessions 0 0 0 0 0 0 -
Chickpea Number of live plant accessions 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chickpea Number of seed accessions held in long-term storage and safety duplicated at two levels 10,476 10,476 10,476 6,340 6,340 2,035 4,905
Chickpea Number of vegetatively-propagated accessions in cryopreservation or safety duplicated as in vitro 0 0 0 0 0 0 -
Faba Bean Total number of accessions 9,542 10,002 10,029 10,033 10,033 10,034 10,034
Faba bean Total number of accessions that are currently available 2,866 1,706 1,706 1,707 1,707 1,707 2,583
Faba bean Number of seed accessions 9,542 10,002 10,029 10,033 10,033 10,034 10,034
Faba bean Number of vegetatively-propagated accessions 0 0 0 0 0 0 -
Faba bean Number of live plant accessions 0 0 0 0 0 0
Faba bean Number of seed accessions held in long-term storage and safety duplicated at two levels 6,060 6,060 6,715 4,610 4,611 688 816
Faba bean Number of vegetatively-propagated accessions in cryopreservation or safety duplicated as in vitro 0 0 0 0 0 0 -
Forages Total number of accessions 24,880 25,828 26,501 27,639 28,747 29,053 29,008
Forages Total number of accessions that are currently available 5,988 5,988 5,988 11,140 11,140 11,140 11,072
Forages Number of seed accessions 24,880 25,828 26,501 27,639 28,747 29,053 29,008
Forages Number of vegetatively-propagated accessions 0 0 0 0 0 0 -
Forages Number of live plant accessions 0 0 0 0 0 0
Forages Number of seed accessions held in long-term storage and safety duplicated at two levels 14,913 14,913 15,870 15,980 15,869 7,534 7,752
Forages Number of vegetatively-propagated accessions in cryopreservation or safety duplicated as in vitro 0 0 0 0 0 0 -
Grasspea Total number of accessions 3,996 4,180 4,220 4,266 4,289 4,451 4,451
Grasspea Total number of accessions that are currently available 1,646 1,646 1,646 2,714 2,714 2,358 3,127
Grasspea Number of seed accessions 3,996 4,180 4,220 4,266 4,289 4,451 4,451
Grasspea Number of vegetatively-propagated accessions 0 0 0 0 0 0 -
Grasspea Number of live plant accessions 0 0 0 0 0 0
Grasspea Number of seed accessions held in long-term storage and safety duplicated at two levels 2,434 2,434 2,434 391 391 1,263 2,046
Grasspea Number of vegetatively-propagated accessions in cryopreservation or safety duplicated as in vitro 0 0 0 0 0 0 -
Lentil Total number of accessions 11,083 12,463 12,477 13,903 14,512 14,597 14,597
Lentil Total number of accessions that are currently available 9,611 9,630 9,630 9,533 9,533 9,791 11,940
Lentil Number of seed accessions 11,083 12,463 12,477 13,903 14,512 14,597 14,597
Lentil Number of vegetatively-propagated accessions 0 0 0 0 0 0 -
Lentil Number of live plant accessions 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lentil Number of seed accessions held in long-term storage and safety duplicated at two levels 10,775 10,775 10,775 5,348 5,922 1,901 4,053
Lentil Number of vegetatively-propagated accessions in cryopreservation or safety duplicated as in vitro 0 0 0 0 0 0 -
Pea Total number of accessions 6,106 6,106 6,113 6,115 6,121 6,131 6,132
Pea Total number of accessions that are currently available 1,865 1,867 1,867 1,780 1,780 1,780 2,811
Pea Number of seed accessions 6,106 6,106 6,113 6,115 6,121 6,131 6,132
Pea Number of vegetatively-propagated accessions 0 0 0 0 0 0 -
Pea Number of live plant accessions 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pea Number of seed accessions held in long-term storage and safety duplicated at two levels 3,796 3,796 3,796 3,796 3,796 141 141
Pea Number of vegetatively-propagated accessions in cryopreservation or safety duplicated as in vitro 0 0 0 0 0 0 -
Wheat Total number of accessions 40,388 41,106 41,255 42,217 43,201 43,918 43,923
Wheat Total number of accessions that are currently available 32,724 32,223 32,223 32,076 32,076 32,379 33,459
Wheat Number of seed accessions 40,388 41,106 41,255 42,217 43,201 43,918 43,923
Wheat Number of vegetatively-propagated accessions 0 0 0 0 0 0 -
Wheat Number of live plant accessions 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wheat Number of seed accessions held in long-term storage and safety duplicated at two levels 36,327 37,289 37,305 19,671 19,671 16,942 22,995
Wheat Number of vegetatively-propagated accessions in cryopreservation or safety duplicated as in vitro 0 0 0 0 0 0 -

Genebank operations, 2012-2018

HINT: Use the search key to filter the data
Crop Indicator 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Barley Number accessions received 772 668 247 344 218 149
Barley Number accessions regenerated 239 0 133 0 0 0
Barley Number accessions multiplied 3,732 778 1,945 1,667 4,840 5,070 6,295
Barley Number accessions health tested 0 3,692 1,273 841 987 5,092 6,540
Barley Number accessions cleaned 0 0 3 0 37 0
Barley Number accessions viability tested 0 0 0 214 819 2,499 1,794
Chickpea Number accessions received 365 57 2 426 0 6
Chickpea Number accessions regenerated 870 0 200 0 0 0
Chickpea Number accessions multiplied 99 320 735 1,541 3,297 3,341 3,571
Chickpea Number accessions health tested 0 4 77 112 161 2,274 3,352
Chickpea Number accessions cleaned 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chickpea Number accessions viability tested 0 0 0 0 497 0 1,801
Faba bean Number accessions received 215 245 7 5 118 0 -
Faba bean Number accessions regenerated 565 0 0 0 0 0 -
Faba bean Number accessions multiplied 370 178 882 758 1,040 872 881
Faba bean Number accessions health tested 0 5 167 0 44 134 1,678
Faba bean Number accessions cleaned 0 0 0 0 7 0 25
Faba bean Number accessions viability tested 0 0 0 0 0 0 571
Forages Number accessions received 1,404 187 1,465 1,138 0 455 -
Forages Number accessions regenerated 0 0 0 0 0 126 -
Forages Number accessions multiplied 2,352 717 298 833 1,559 856 4,184
Forages Number accessions health tested 4,111 3 490 0 0 0 4,184
Forages Number accessions cleaned 0 0 0 0 0 0 -
Forages Number accessions viability tested 0 0 0 0 51 0 434
Grasspea Number accessions received 176 14 64 46 19 180 -
Grasspea Number accessions regenerated 0 0 0 0 0 0 -
Grasspea Number accessions multiplied 360 34 441 593 1,174 1,077 960
Grasspea Number accessions health tested 61 16 460 0 0 0
Grasspea Number accessions cleaned 0 0 0 0 0 0
Grasspea Number accessions viability tested 0 0 0 0 344 0
Lentil Number accessions received 621 753 23 2,032 0 100 -
Lentil Number accessions regenerated 98 0 275 0 0 0 -
Lentil Number accessions multiplied 42 437 847 140 4,872 3,820 3,627
Lentil Number accessions health tested 0 6 10 207 110 2,016 2,223
Lentil Number accessions cleaned 0 0 0 0 0 0 -
Lentil Number accessions viability tested 0 0 0 0 276 0 3,298
Pea Number accessions received 1 1 16 2 6 8 -
Pea Number accessions regenerated 0 0 0 0 0 0 -
Pea Number accessions multiplied 0 32 89 87 6 6 2,499
Pea Number accessions health tested 0 55 189 0 0 0 -
Pea Number accessions cleaned 0 0 0 0 0 0 -
Pea Number accessions viability tested 0 0 0 0 1 0 83
Wheat Number accessions received 337 583 228 962 924 269
Wheat Number accessions regenerated 867 0 285 0 0 0
Wheat Number accessions multiplied 817 182 2,336 4,297 15,532 9,636 11,070
Wheat Number accessions health tested 0 1,623 642 6,866 766 13,760 10,017
Wheat Number accessions cleaned 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wheat Number accessions viability tested 0 0 0 711 3,854 2,869 4,895

Number of samples distributed to users within and outside the CGIAR, 2012-2018

HINT: Use the search key to filter the data. For descriptions of performance indicators, click here.
Crop Indicator 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
wheat Number of samples distributed within the CGIAR 5 3,817 3,604 6,572 3,067 35 4,198
wheat Number of samples distributed outside the CGIAR 6 1,899 1,064 1,200 768 1,649 5,734
wheat Total number of samples distributed 11 5,716 4,668 7,772 3,835 1,684 9,932
wheat Number of accessions distributed within the CGIAR 2,755 2,641 1,936 6,572 3,067 35 4,198
wheat Number of accessions distributed outside the CGIAR 1,482 1,608 633 6,849 756 1,649 5,734
wheat Total number of accessions distributed 4,237 4,249 2,569 13,421 3,823 1,684 9,932
pea Number of samples distributed within the CGIAR 0 0 396 0 0 0
pea Number of samples distributed outside the CGIAR 2 55 0 0 0 0 0
pea Total number of samples distributed 2 55 396 0 0 0 0
pea Number of accessions distributed within the CGIAR 0 0 188 0 0 0
pea Number of accessions distributed outside the CGIAR 47 55 0 0 0 0 0
pea Total number of accessions distributed 47 55 188 0 0 0 0
lentil Number of samples distributed within the CGIAR 6 459 1,024 0 0 22 868
lentil Number of samples distributed outside the CGIAR 0 1 16 206 108 524 160
lentil Total number of samples distributed 6 460 1,040 206 108 546 1,028
lentil Number of accessions distributed within the CGIAR 261 434 884 0 0 22 868
lentil Number of accessions distributed outside the CGIAR 0 6 8 206 108 524 160
lentil Total number of accessions distributed 261 440 892 206 108 546 1,028
grasspea Number of samples distributed within the CGIAR 108 168 292 0 0 0 260
grasspea Number of samples distributed outside the CGIAR 3 15 0 0 0 0 0
grasspea Total number of samples distributed 111 183 292 0 0 0 260
grasspea Number of accessions distributed within the CGIAR 2,668 168 292 0 0 0 257
grasspea Number of accessions distributed outside the CGIAR 61 15 0 0 0 0 0
grasspea Total number of accessions distributed 2,729 183 292 0 0 0 257
forages Number of samples distributed within the CGIAR 9 167 0 0 0 0
forages Number of samples distributed outside the CGIAR 8 3 0 0 0 0 0
forages Total number of samples distributed 17 170 0 0 0 0 0
forages Number of accessions distributed within the CGIAR 74 157 0 0 0 0
forages Number of accessions distributed outside the CGIAR 817 3 0 0 0 0 0
forages Total number of accessions distributed 891 160 0 0 0 0 0
faba bean Number of samples distributed within the CGIAR 2 670 166 0 0 0 0
faba bean Number of samples distributed outside the CGIAR 0 4 0 0 41 129 32
faba bean Total number of samples distributed 2 674 166 0 41 129 32
faba bean Number of accessions distributed within the CGIAR 141 670 166 0 0 0 0
faba bean Number of accessions distributed outside the CGIAR 0 4 0 0 41 128 32
faba bean Total number of accessions distributed 141 674 166 0 41 128 32
chickpea Number of samples distributed within the CGIAR 3 1,477 1,060 53 51 0 692
chickpea Number of samples distributed outside the CGIAR 0 4 0 110 159 264 20
chickpea Total number of samples distributed 3 1,481 1,060 163 210 264 712
chickpea Number of accessions distributed within the CGIAR 102 967 729 53 51 0 692
chickpea Number of accessions distributed outside the CGIAR 0 4 0 110 159 264 20
chickpea Total number of accessions distributed 102 971 729 163 210 264 712
barley Number of samples distributed within the CGIAR 2 3,131 1,863 0 361 270 251
barley Number of samples distributed outside the CGIAR 3 567 2,142 867 1,051 5,523 764
barley Total number of samples distributed 5 3,698 4,005 867 1,412 5,793 1,015
barley Number of accessions distributed within the CGIAR 249 3,131 1,005 0 344 270 239
barley Number of accessions distributed outside the CGIAR 730 532 1,264 837 688 5,498 764
barley Total number of accessions distributed 979 3,663 2,269 837 1,032 5,768 1,003
all crops Number of samples distributed within the CGIAR 135 9,889 8,405 6,625 3,479 327
all crops Number of samples distributed outside the CGIAR 22 2,548 3,222 2,383 2,127 8,089
all crops Total number of samples distributed 157 12,437 11,627 9,008 5,606 8,416
all crops Number of accessions distributed within the CGIAR 6,250 8,168 5,200 6,625 3,462 327
all crops Number of accessions distributed outside the CGIAR 3,137 2,227 1,905 8,002 1,752 8,063
all crops Total number of accessions distributed 9,387 10,395 7,105 14,627 5,214 8,390

Publications by ICARDA genebank staff in 2018

Recent publications with at least one CGIAR genebank staff as author. HINT: Use the search key to filter the data.
Authors Article title Publication name URL
Anglin, N., Amri, A., Kehel, Z., Elis, D. A case of need: Linking traits to genebank accessions. Biopreservation and Biobanking READ
Visioni, A., Kehel, Z. Genome wide association mapping of seedling and adult plant resistance to barley stripe rust (Puccinia striiformis f. sp. hordei) in India. Frontiers in Plant Science READ
Hamwieh, A., F. Alo, S. Ahmed.  Molecular tools developed for disease resistant genes in wheat, barley, lentil and chickpea: A review. Arab Journal of Plant Protection READ
Alo, F., Al-Saaid, W., Baum, M., Alatwani, H. and Amri, A. Slow rusting of bread wheat landraces to Puccinia striiformis f.sp. tritici under artificial field inoculation. Arab Journal of Plant Protection READ
Alo, F., Alsaaid, W., Amri., A. Identification of molecular markers for the detection of yellow rust (Puccinia striiformis f. Sp. tritici) resistance genes in three bread wheat cultivar using molecular marker. Aleppo University Research Magazine READ
Alo, F., Alsaaid, W., Amri., A. Evaluation of bread wheat landraces for resistance to yellow rust under artificial field inoculation. Aleppo University Research Magazine READ
Soubra, N., Yazbek, M., Noun, J., Talhouk, R., Tanios, S., and Karam, N. Evaluation of diversity and conservation status of Matricaria chamomilla (L.) and Matricaria aurea (Loefl.) Sch. Bip. in Lebanon. J Biodivers Endanger Species READ
Ben Ghanem, H., Najar, A., Udupa, S., Kumari, S.G., Amri, A., Rezgui, S., El Felah, M., Tsivelikas, A. Exploiting intra-cultivar variation to select for Barley yellow dwarf virus-PAV (BYDV-PAV) resistance in barley. Canadian Journal of Plant Science READ
Ben Ghanem, H., El Felah, M., Najar, A., Kehel, Z., Amri, A., Rezgui, S., Tsivelikas, A. Performance of barley lines selected under drought stressed conditions and ultra-low density. Tunisian Journal of Plant Protection READ
Lopez Noriega, I., Halewood, M., Abberton, M., Ajeigbe, H.; Amri, A., Angarawai, I., Anglin, N., Asiedu, R., Bänziger, M., Birol, E., Blummel, M., Boddupalli, M. P., Bouman, B., Campos, H., Carberry, P., Costich, D., Duveiller, E., Ellis, D., Falcon, R., Gangashetty, P., Gaur, P., Guarino, L., Hanson, J., Hugues, J., Jamnadass, R., Kommerell, V., Kumar, L., Lusty, C., Muchiga, A., Ndjiondjop, MN., Nebie, B., Ortiz, O., Payne, T., Peters, M., Popova, E., Randolph, T.F., Rao, G., Rao, H., Roa, C., Sackville-Hamilton, R., Saethre, M.G., Sara, R., Tabo, R., Tchamba, M., Upadhyaya, H., Watson, D., Yazbek, M. and Wenzl, P. CGIAR operations under the Plant Treaty framework. Crop Science READ

Publications by ICARDA genebank staff in 2017

Recent publications with at least one CGIAR genebank staff as author. HINT: Use the search key to filter the data.
Authors Article title Publication name URL
Ben Ghanem, H., Najar, A., Udupa, S., Kumari, S.G., Amri, A., Rezgui, S., El Felah, M., Tsivelikas, A. Exploiting intra-cultivar variation to select for Barley yellow dwarf virus-PAV (BYDV-PAV) resistance in barley. Canadian Journal of Plant Science READ
Kabbaj, H., Sall, A.T., Al-Abdallat, A., Geleta, M., Amri, A., Filali-Maltouf, A., Belkadi, B., Ortiz, R., Bassi, F.M. Genetic diversity within a global panel of durum wheat (Triticum durum) landraces and modern germplasm reveals the history of alleles exchange. Frontier Plant Science READ
Zaim, M., El Hassouni, K., Gamba, F.F., Filali-Maltouf, A., Belkadi, B., Sourour, A., Amri, A., Nachit, M., Taghouti, M., Bassi, F.M. Wide crosses of durum wheat (Triticum durum Desf.) reveal good disease resistance, yield stability, and industrial quality across Mediterranean sites. Field Crops Research READ
Lala, S., Amri, A., Maxted, N. Towards the conservation of crop wild relative diversity in North Africa: Checklist, prioritisation and inventory. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution READ
Amezrou, R., Gyawali, S., Belqadi, L., Chao, S., Arbaoui, M., Mamidi, S, Rehman, S., Sreedasyam, A., Verma, R.P.S. Molecular and phenotypic diversity of ICARDA spring barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) collection. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution READ
Delventhal, R., Rajaraman, J., Stefanato, F., Rehman, S., Aghnoum, R., McGrann, G., Bolger, M., Usadel, B., Hedley, P., Boyd, L., Niks, R. E., Schweizer, P., Schaffrath, U. A comparative analysis of non-host resistance across the two Triticeae crop species wheat and barley. BMC Plant Biology READ
Gyawali, S., Verma, R.P.S., Kumar, S., Bhardwaj, S.C., Gangwar, O., Rajan, S., Shekhawat, P., Rehman, S., Sharma-Poudyal, D. Seedling and adult-plant stage resistance of a world collection of barley genotypes to stripe rust. Journal of Phytopathology READ
Chaabane, R., Saidi, A., Bchini, H., Sassi, M., Rouissi, M., Naceur, A.B., Sayouri, S., Naceur, M.B., Masanori, I., Bari, A., Amri, A. Identification of durum wheat salt tolerance sources in elite Tunisian varieties and a targeted FIGS subset from ICARDA gene bank: Non-destructive and easy way. American Scientific Research Journal for Engineering, Technology, and Sciences (ASRJETS) READ
ICARDA staff at the crop genetic resources collection in the new Terbol facility in Lebanon. This collection contains the world’s largest collection of wild cereals including barley, wheat, lentil and grasspea. Credit: Shawn Landersz
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