Genetic Resources Section
ICARDA manages diverse collections of barley and wheat, grain legumes and forages, mostly traditional landraces and wild species from the Fertile Crescent.
Once working out of Syria, the genebank has relocated to Morocco and Lebanon in the past years. Morocco stores cultivated species of wheat, barley, chickpea and lentil while Lebanon stores faba bean and grasspea and wild relatives of cereals and legumes. The genebank also holds more than 1,380 accessions of Rhizobium strains, vital for enabling legumes to make use of atmospheric nitrogen and increase soil fertility.
The ICARDA genebank helped develop a new methodology, known as Focused Identification of Germplasm Strategy (FIGS), to give breeders and other researchers a better chance to find useful traits within a large number of accessions. The Genetic Resources Section also conducts pre-breeding activities, for example the introgression of genes from wild species to help broaden the genetic base of wheat.
ICARDA has built a unique capacity to regenerate crop wild relatives with more than 200 isolation cages in Lebanon.
The genebank has also re-established the capacity to carry out routine germplasm health testing.
Status of ICARDA genebank according to performance targets
|Passport Data Completeness Index (Average)||5.75||6.76|
ICARDA genebank by the numbers
|Full-time staff equivalents||20.6|
|Date to reach performance targets||Barley & wheat 2021; grain legumes 2021; forages 2023|
|Projected accession numbers in 2022||Barley & wheat 80,340; grain legumes 47,175; forages 37,135|