Genetic Resources Section
ICARDA manages diverse collections of barley and wheat, grain legumes and forages, mostly traditional landraces and wild species from the Fertile Crescent.
Once working out of Syria, the genebank has relocated to Morocco and Lebanon in the past years. Morocco stores cultivated species of wheat, barley, chickpea and lentil while Lebanon stores faba bean and grasspea and wild relatives of cereals and legumes. The genebank also holds more than 1,380 accessions of Rhizobium strains, vital for enabling legumes to make use of atmospheric nitrogen and increase soil fertility.
The ICARDA genebank helped develop a new methodology, known as Focused Identification of Germplasm Strategy (FIGS), to give breeders and other researchers a better chance to find useful traits within a large number of accessions. The Genetic Resources Section also conducts pre-breeding activities, for example the introgression of genes from wild species to help broaden the genetic base of wheat.
ICARDA has built a unique capacity to regenerate crop wild relatives with more than 200 isolation cages in Lebanon.
The genebank has also re-established the capacity to carry out routine germplasm health testing.
Key performance indicators of CGIAR genebanks, 2012-2017HINT: Use the search key to filter the data. For descriptions of performance indicators, click here.
|1. Total number of accessions||140,933||146,352||147,872||152,220||155,205||156,721|
|2. Total number of accessions that are currently available||87,758||86,038||86,038||92,190||92,190||92,957|
|3. Number of seed accessions||140,933||146,352||147,872||152,220||155,205||156,721|
|4. Number of vegetatively-propagated accessions||0||0||0||0||0||0|
|5. Number of seed accessions held in long-term storage and safety duplicated at two levels||110,671||114,808||116,446||76,922||77,386||45,944|
|6. Number of vegetatively-propagated accessions in cryopreservation or safety duplicated as in vitro||0||0||0||0||0||0|
Genebank operations, 2012-2017HINT: Use the search key to filter the data
|Number accessions received||3,891||2,508||2,052||4,955||1,285||1,167|
|Number accessions regenerated||2,639||0||893||0||0||126|
|Number accessions multiplied||7,772||2,678||7,573||9,916||32,320||24,678|
|Number accessions health tested||4,172||5,404||3,308||8,026||2,068||23,276|
|Number accessions cleaned||0||0||3||0||44||0|
|Number accessions viability tested||0||0||0||925||5,842||5,368|
Number of samples distributed to users within and outside the CGIAR, 2012-2017HINT: Use the search key to filter the data. For descriptions of performance indicators, click here.
|Number of samples distributed within the CGIAR||135||9,889||8,405||6,625||3,479||327|
|Number of samples distributed outside the CGIAR||22||2,548||3,222||2,383||2,127||8,089|
|Total number of samples distributed||157||12,437||11,627||9,008||5,606||8,416|
|Number of accessions distributed within the CGIAR||6,250||8,168||5,200||6,625||3,462||327|
|Number of accessions distributed outside the CGIAR||3,137||2,227||1,905||8,002||1,752||8,063|
|Total number of accessions distributed||9,387||10,395||7,105||14,627||5,214||8,390|