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Crops

Each CGIAR genebank has a mandate to conserve specific crops.

Annex 1 of the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture lists the genera and species that come under the Treaty’s Multilateral System and that are managed under agreements between the Centers and the Treaty. Annex 1 lists 35 crop genera. CGIAR genebanks are conserving 30 crops but not all of them listed on Annex 1 of the treaty.

Number of accessions per crop

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Crop nameGenebanksNumber of accessions
Andean roots and tuber cropsCIP2,526
BananaBioversity and IITA1,865
BarleyICARDA32,560
BeansCIAT37,987
CassavaCIAT and IITA10,041
ChickpeaICRISAT and ICARDA36,344
CowpeaIITA15,115
Faba beanICARDA10,033
ForagesCIAT, ICARDA and ILRI70,514
GrasspeaICARDA4,289
GroundnutICRISAT15,622
LentilICARDA14,512
MaizeCIMMYT and IITA29,900
PeaICARDA6,121
Pearl milletICRISAT23,092
PigeonpeaICRISAT13,788
PotatoCIP6,809
RiceIRRI and Africa Rice149,217
Small milletsICRISAT11,466
SorghumICRISAT39,948
Trees: Fruits and multipurposeICRAF9,194
WheatCIMMYT and ICARDA197,945
YamIITA5,839

Number of accessions is based on the SMO report

Regeneration

A crucial element of genebank operations is to ensure that their accessions are kept viable and at high quality for as long as possible. Even under the highest standards of management, however, germplasm deteriorates with time and needs to be regenerated. For many genebanks around the world this is a complex, time-consuming process, each species requiring different procedures, and as a result a regeneration backlog has built up. To help genebanks undertake the important work of regeneration, the Crop Trust partnered with Bioversity International to draw on the expertise of CGIAR genebanks to compile a set of species-specific guidelines for the regeneration of important crops.

The Genebank Platform is making these guidelines available from this website, as part of the information about each crop.

Can you help?

The information on each crop is not exhaustive. If you feel you have useful information to add for any crop, please contact us on info@genebanks.org.

Crops

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