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International Potato Center (CIP)

The genebank of the International Potato Center conserves potato and sweetpotato diversity.

Cryopreservation at the CIP genebank in Lima, Peru.
Cryopreservation at the CIP genebank in Lima, Peru. Credit: Crop Trust

CIP Genebank Website
CIP Genebank Publications

CIP’s collections of potato and sweetpotato are the world’s largest and contain nearly all of the potato wild relatives.

The in vitro genebank is the largest in the world and was one of the first genebanks to obtain ISO 17025 certification for safe and secure movement of germplasm.

The crops conserved at CIP are mostly propagated vegetatively, and so most of the accessions are kept as in vitro plants and in cryopreservation for long-term storage. The CIP genebank has been suggested as a center of excellence for cryobanking. The genebank has a large program to move more accessions into cryopreservation.

The CIP genebank also conserves accessions of nine types of Andean root and tuber crops.

The in vitro sweetpotato collection is backed up in Columbia while the in vitro potato collection is backed up in Brazil.

Key staff

Acting Head of genebank: Jan Kreuze
Phytosanitary & quarantine specialist:Brenda Zea
Contact for ordering germplasm: CIP-Germplasm@cgiar.org

Andean roots and tubers

Potato

Sweetpotato

Key performance indicators of CGIAR genebanks, 2012-2020

HINT: Use the search key to filter the data. For descriptions of performance indicators, click here.
Crop Indicator 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Andean roots & tubers 1. Total number of accessions 1,202 1,172 2,529 2,529 2,526 2,526 2,526 2,526 2,525
Andean Roots & Tubers 2. Total number of accessions that are currently available 402 0 68 39 39 47 73 74 74
Andean Roots & Tubers 3. Number of seed accessions 138 80 530 530 534 530 530 530 530
Andean Roots & Tubers 4. Number of vegetatively propagated accessions 1,046 1,056 1,341 1,341 1,431 1,996 1,996 1,996 1,995
Andean Roots & Tubers 5. Number of live plant accessions 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Andean Roots & Tubers 6. Number of seed accessions held in long-term storage and safety duplicated at two levels 61 71 0 98 219 331 415 444 441
Andean Roots & Tubers 7. Number of vegetatively propagated accessions in cryopreservation or safety duplicated as in vitro 971 1,042 1,314 1,322 1,390 1,490 1,463 1,452 962
Andean Roots & Tubers 8. Number of wild species accessions 1 1 2 6
Potato 1. Total number of accessions 6,831 6,991 7,107 7,140 6,809 7,323 7,209 7,224 7,550
Potato 2. Total number of accessions that are currently available 2,676 2,465 2,124 1,694 1,318 3,459 4,231 4,728 5,081
Potato 3. Number of seed accessions 13,943 2,402 2,280 2,355 2,361 2,304 2,338 2,329 2,596
Potato 4. Number of vegetatively propagated accessions 4,758 4,045 4,490 4,489 4,487 4,696 4,709 4,895 4,954
Potato 5. Number of live plant accessions 0 0 0 0 0 0 25 31 31
Potato 6. Number of seed accessions held in long-term storage and safety duplicated at two levels 774 1,532 1,528 1,765 1,792 1,817 1,890 1,890 1,901
Potato 7. Number of vegetatively propagated accessions in cryopreservation or safety duplicated as in vitro 4,018 3,704 3,086 3,458 4,484 4,474 4,523 4,702 4,746
Potato 8. Number of wild species accessions 1,134 1,227 1,287 1,418
Sweet potato 1. Total number of accessions 7,588 7,593 6,547 6,381 6,414 8,049 8,054 8,080 8,081
Sweet potato 2. Total number of accessions that are currently available 4,224 681 757 925 792 1,961 2,301 3,030 4,027
Sweet potato 3. Number of seed accessions 3,817 3,817 1,254 1,092 1,092 2,090 2,090 2,091 2,091
Sweet potato 4. Number of vegetatively propagated accessions 5,545 5,200 5,293 5,289 5,328 5,959 5,964 5,989 5,990
Sweet potato 5. Number of live plant accessions 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sweet potato 6. Number of seed accessions held in long-term storage and safety duplicated at two levels 78 1,917 194 506 290 432 462 462 514
Sweet potato 7. Number of vegetatively propagated accessions in cryopreservation or safety duplicated as in vitro 4,450 3,721 3,695 5,211 5,273 1,895 4,971 5,267 4,433
Sweet potato 8. Number of wild species accessions 267 - 535 548

Genebank operations, 2012-2020

HINT: Use the search key to filter the data
Crop Indicator 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Andean roots & tubers 1. Number of accessions with passport & characterization data available . . . . . . . 2,526 2,526
Andean Roots & Tubers 2. Number accessions received 0 936 11 0 0 0 0 0
Andean Roots & Tubers 3. Number accessions regenerated 23 21 64 22 0 0 2 5 69
Andean Roots & Tubers 4. Number accessions multiplied 52 72 1,441 1,474 1,414 1,562 1,603 1,442 1,566
Andean Roots & Tubers 5. Number accessions health tested 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Andean Roots & Tubers 6. Number accessions cleaned 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Andean Roots & Tubers 7. Number accessions viability tested 76 80 64 126 114 60 60 199 145
Potato 1. Number of accessions with passport & characterization data available . . . . . . . 7,182 7,467
Potato 2. Number accessions received 119 245 211 0 1 50 0 104 349
Potato 3. Number accessions regenerated 1,177 1,578 392 326 377 380 408 412 272
Potato 4. Number accessions multiplied 3,942 3,662 7,947 3,684 3,321 4,279 5,049 3,931 2,557
Potato 5. Number accessions health tested 1,034 725 591 604 293 575 700 663 514
Potato 6. Number accessions cleaned 411 309 232 93 139 212 346 362 212
Potato 7. Number accessions viability tested 0 0 506 468 1,003 777 610 550 276
Sweet potato 1. Number of accessions with passport & characterization data available . . . . . . . 8,075 8,073
Sweet potato 2. Number accessions received 435 68 33 12 24 0 0 86
Sweet potato 3. Number accessions regenerated 137 0 91 126 160 3,083 3,050 107 130
Sweet potato 4. Number accessions multiplied 214 2,852 5,363 5,200 5,125 5,450 5,535 5,583 5,344
Sweet potato 5. Number accessions health tested 452 399 377 373 429 383 284 202 272
Sweet potato 6. Number accessions cleaned 352 357 172 78 169 257 156 127 167
Sweet potato 7. Number accessions viability tested 387 0 183 246 212 217 202 100 52

Number of samples distributed to users within and outside the CGIAR, 2012-2020

HINT: Use the search key to filter the data. For descriptions of performance indicators, click here.
Crop Indicator 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
All crops 1. Total number external germplasm requests 159 88 54 64 89 81 74 66 48

Genebank Platform publications, 2017-2020

Recent publications with at least one CGIAR genebank staff as author. HINT: Use the search key to filter the data.
Authors Article title Publication name URL
Vollmer, R., Villagaray, R., Castro, M, Anglin, N.L., Ellis, D. Cryopreserved potato shoot tips showed genotype-specific response to sucrose concentration in rewarming solution (RS). Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture READ
Ellis, D., Chavez, O., Coombs, J., Soto, J., Gomez, R., Douches, D., Panta, A., Silvestre, R., Anglin, N. Genetic identity in genebanks: application of the SolCAP 12K SNP array in fingerprinting and diversity analysis in the global in trust potato collection. Genome READ
Kyriakidou, M., Tai, H.H., Anglin, N.L., Ellis, D., Stromvik, M.V. Current strategies of polyploid plant genome sequence assembly. Frontiers in Plant Science READ
Ramirez, D., Yactayo, W., Rolando, J.L., Quiroz, R. Preliminary evidence of nocturnal transpiration and stomatal conductance in potato and their interaction with drought and yield. American Journal of Potato Research READ
Muñoz-Rodriguez, P., Carruthers, T., Wood, J.R.I., Williams, B.R.M., Weitemier, K., Kronmiller, B., Ellis, D., Anglin, N.L., Longway, L., Harris, S.A., Rausher, M.D., Kelly, S., Liston, A., Scotland, R.W. Reconciling conflicting phylogenies in the origin of sweet potato and dispersal to Polynesia. Current Biology READ
Herrera, M.R., Jara Vidalon, L., Montenegro, J.D., Riccio, C., Guzman, F.,Bartolini, I.,Ghislain, M. Molecular and genetic characterization of the Ry adg locus on chromosome XI from Andigena potatoes conferring extreme resistance to potato virus Y. Theoretical and Applied Genetics READ
Sosa, P., Guild, G., Burgos, G., Bonierbale, M., Felde, T.zum. Potential and application of X-ray fluorescence spectrometry to estimate iron and zinc concentration in potato tubers. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis READ
Quiroz, R., Ramírez, D.A., Kroschel, J., Andrade-Piedra, J.L., Barreda, C., Condori, B., Mares, V., Monneveux, P., Perez, W. Impact of climate change on the potato crop and biodiversity in its center of origin. Open Agriculture READ
Souza, J. de, Gamarra, H., Muller, G., Kreuze, J. First report of potato virus S naturally infecting arracacha (Arracacia xanthorrhiza) in Peru. Plant Disease READ
Vollmer, R., Villagaray, R., Cárdenas, J., Castro, M., Chávez, O., Anglin, N. and Ellis, D. A large-scale viability assessment of the potato cryobank at the International Potato Center (CIP). In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology - Plant READ
Gálvez, J., Tai, H.,Anglin, N., Gardner, K., Ellis, D., Strömvik, M. Understanding potato with the help of genomics. AIMS Agriculture and Food READ
Ramírez, D.A.,Gavilán, C., Barreda, C., Condori, B., Rossel, G., Mwanga, R.O.M., Andrade, M., Monneveu, P., Anglin⁺, N.L.D., Ellis⁺, Q. Characterizing the diversity of sweetpotato through growth parameters and leaf traits: Precocity and light use efficiency as important ordination factors. South African Journal of Botany READ
Zheng, Y., Gao, S., Padmanabhan, Li, R., Galvez, M., Gutierrez, D., Fuentes, S., ShuLing, K., Kreuze, J., Fei, VirusDetect: An automated pipeline for efficient virus discovery using deep sequencing of small RNAs. Virology READ
Ramírez, D., Kreuze, J., Amoros, W., Valdivia-Silva, J.,Ranck, J., Garcia, S., Salas, E.,Yactayo, W. Extreme salinity as a challenge to grow potatoes under Mars-like soil conditions: targeting promising genotypes. International Journal of Astrobiology READ
Gutaker, R.M.; Weiss, C.L.; Ellis, D.; Anglin, N.L.; Knapp, S.; Fernandez-Alonso, J.L.; Prat, S.; Burbano, H.A. 2019. The origins and adaptation of European potatoes reconstructed from historical genomes Nature Ecology and Evolution READ
Villagaray, R.; Castro, M.; Anglin, N.L.; Ellis, D. Cryopreserved potato shoot tips showed genotype-specific response to sucrose concentration in rewarming solution (RS) Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture READ
Otyama, P.I.; Wilkey, A.; Kulkarni, R.; Assefa, T.; Chu, Y.; Clevenger, J.; O’Connor, D.J.; Wright, G.C.; Dezern, S.W.; Macdonald, G.E.; Anglin, N.L.; Cannon, E.K.S.; Ozias-Akins, P.; Cannon, S.B. Evaluation of linkage disequilibrium, population structure, and genetic diversity in the U.S. peanut mini core collection BMC Genetics READ
Muñoz-Rodríguez, P.; Carruthers, T.; Wood, J.R.I.; Williams, B.R.M.; Weitemier, K.; Kronmiller, B.; Goodwin, Z.; Sumadijaya, A.; Anglin, N.L.; Filer, D.; Harris, D.; Rausher, M.D.; Kelly, S.; Liston, A.; Scotland, R.W. A taxonomic monograph of Ipomoea integrated across phylogenetic scales. Nature Plants READ
Quispe-Huamanquispe, D. G.; Gheysen G.; Yang, J.; Jarret, R.; Rossel, G.; Kreuze, J. F. The horizontal gene transfer of Agrobacterium T-DNAs into the series Batatas (Genus Ipomoea) genome is not confined to hexaploid sweetpotato. Scientific Reports READ
Drapal, M.; Rossel, G.; Heider, G.; Fraser, P.D. Metabolic diversity in sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas, Lam.) leaves and storage roots Horticulture Research READ
Kyriakidou M, Achakkagari SR, Galvez JHL, Zhu X, Tang CU, Tai H, Anglin NL, Ellis D, Stromvik M. Structural genome analysis in cultivated potato Theoretical and Applied Genetics READ
Bernal-Galeano, V.; Norton, G.; Ellis, D.; Anglin, N.L.; Hareau, G.; Smale, Melinda; Jamora, N.; Alwang, J.; Pradel, W. Andean potato diversity conserved in the International Potato Center genebank helps develop agriculture in Uganda: the example of the variety ‘Victoria’. Food Security READ
R. Prabu, C. Vanniarajan, M. Vetrivanthan, R. P. Gnanamalar, R.Shanmughasundaram & J. Ramalingam Diversity study using principal component analysis in barnyard millet (Echinochloa frumentacea(Roxb.) Link) Electronic Journal of Plant Breeding READ
Otyama PI, Kulkarni R, Chamberlin K, Ozias-Akins P, Chu Y, Lincoln LM, MacDonald GE, Anglin NL, Dash S, Bertioli DJ, Fernández-Baca D, Graham MA, Cannon SB, Cannon EKS Genotypic characterization of the U.S. peanut core collection. G3 Genes|Genomes|Genetics READ
Halewood, Michael, Nelissa Jamora, Isabel Noriega, Noelle Anglin, Peter Wenzl, Thomas Payne, Marie-Noelle Ndjiondjop, Luigi Guarino, P. Kumar, Mariana Yazbek, Alice Muchugi, Vania Azevedo, Marimagne Tchamba, Chris Jones, Ramaiah Venuprasad, Nicolas Roux, Germplasm Acquisition and Distribution by CGIAR Genebanks Plants READ
Izarra ML, Panta AL, Maza CR, Zea BC, Cruzado J, Gutarra LR, Rivera CR, Ellis D & Kreuze JF Identification and control of latent bacteria in in vitro cultures of sweetpotato [Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam] Plant Science READ
Manrique-Carpintero, N., Islam, M.S., Enciso-Rodríguez, F., Rosenzweig, N., Coombs, J., Douches, D. S. Mapping Solanum berthaultii-based late blight (Phytophthora infestans) resistance in a diploid population. Am. J. Potato Res. READ
Kaiser, N.; Manrique, N.; DiFonzo, C.; Coombs, J.; Douches, D. Mapping Solanum chacoense mediated Colorado potato beetle (Leptinotarsa decemlineata) resistance in a self-compatible F2 diploid population. Theoretical and Applied Genetics READ
Silva-Díaz, C., Ramírez, D. A., Rinza, J., Ninanya, J., Loayza, H., Gómez, R., Anglin, N. L., Eyzaguirre, R., & Quiroz, R. Radiation interception, conversion and partitioning efficiency in potato landraces: How far are we from the optimum? Plants READ
Kyriakidou, M., Achakkagari, S. R., Gálvez López, J. H., Zhu, X., Tang, C. Y., Tai, H. H., Anglin, N. L., Ellis, D., & Strömvik, M. V. Structural genome analysis in cultivated potato taxa Theoretical and Applied Genetics READ
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