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International Potato Center (CIP)

The genebank of the International Potato Center conserves potato and sweetpotato diversity.

Cryopreservation at the CIP genebank in Lima, Peru.
Cryopreservation at the CIP genebank in Lima, Peru. Credit: Crop Trust

CIP Genebank Website
CIP Genebank Publications

CIP’s collections of potato and sweetpotato are the world’s largest and contain nearly all of the potato wild relatives.

The in vitro genebank is the largest in the world and was one of the first genebanks to obtain ISO 17025 certification for safe and secure movement of germplasm.

The crops conserved at CIP are mostly propagated vegetatively, and so most of the accessions are kept as in vitro plants and in cryopreservation for long-term storage. The CIP genebank has been suggested as a center of excellence for cryobanking. The genebank has a large program to move more accessions into cryopreservation.

The CIP genebank also conserves accessions of nine types of Andean root and tuber crops.

The in vitro sweetpotato collection is backed up in Columbia while the in vitro potato collection is backed up in Brazil.

Key staff

Head of genebank: Noelle Anglin
Phytosanitary & quarantine specialist: Brenda Zea
Contact for ordering germplasm: CIP-Germplasm@cgiar.org

Andean roots and tubers

Potato

Sweetpotato

Key performance indicators of CGIAR genebanks, 2012-2019

HINT: Use the search key to filter the data. For descriptions of performance indicators, click here.
Crop Indicator 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Andean roots & tubers Base number of accessions in the collections (see description note) 1,202 1,172 2,529 2,529 2,526 2,526 2,526 2,526
Andean Roots & Tubers Number of accessions that are viability tested, disease-free and with sufficient seed number for immediate distribution. 402 0 68 39 39 47 73 74
Andean Roots & Tubers Number of seed accessions in the collections 138 80 530 530 534 530 530 530
Andean Roots & Tubers Number of vegetatively-propagated accessions in the collections 1,046 1,056 1,341 1,341 1,431 1,996 1,996 1,996
Andean Roots & Tubers Number of live plant accessions 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Andean Roots & Tubers Numbers of accessions in seed collections held in long-term storage and safety duplicated in a major genebank and in the Svalbard Global Seed Vault. 98 219 331 415 444
Andean Roots & Tubers Number of vegetatively-propagated accessions (e.g., roots, tubers, bananas) in cryopreservation or safety duplicated as in vitro samples. 971 1,042 1,314 1,322 1,609 1,490 1,463 1,452
Andean Roots & Tubers Of the accessions that are legally and physically available, how many are wild species? 1 1 2
Potato Base number of accessions in the collections (see description note) 6,831 6,991 7,107 7,140 6,809 7,323 7,209 7,224
Potato Number of accessions that are viability tested, disease-free and with sufficient seed number for immediate distribution. 2,676 2,085 2,124 1,694 1,318 3,459 4,231 4,728
Potato Number of seed accessions in the collections 13,943 2,402 2,280 2,355 2,361 2,304 2,338 2,329
Potato Number of vegetatively-propagated accessions in the collections 4,758 4,045 4,490 4,489 4,487 4,696 4,709 4,895
Potato Number of live plant accessions 0 0 0 0 0 0 25 31
Potato Numbers of accessions in seed collections held in long-term storage and safety duplicated in a major genebank and in the Svalbard Global Seed Vault. 1,765 1,792 1,817 1,890 1,890
Potato Number of vegetatively-propagated accessions (e.g., roots, tubers, bananas) in cryopreservation or safety duplicated as in vitro samples. 5,386 5,236 4,614 6,248 6,276 4,474 4,523 4,702
Potato Of the accessions that are legally and physically available, how many are wild species? 1,134 1,227 1,287
Sweet potato Base number of accessions in the collections (see description note) 7,588 7,593 6,547 6,375 6,414 8,049 8,054 8,080
Sweet potato Number of accessions that are viability tested, disease-free and with sufficient seed number for immediate distribution. 2,438 681 757 919 792 1,961 2,301 3,030
Sweet potato Number of seed accessions in the collections 3,817 3,817 1,254 1,092 1,092 2,090 2,090 2,091
Sweet potato Number of vegetatively-propagated accessions in the collections 5,545 5,200 5,293 5,289 5,328 5,959 5,964 5,989
Sweet potato Number of live plant accessions 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sweet potato Numbers of accessions in seed collections held in long-term storage and safety duplicated in a major genebank and in the Svalbard Global Seed Vault. 242 290 432 462 462
Sweet potato Number of vegetatively-propagated accessions (e.g., roots, tubers, bananas) in cryopreservation or safety duplicated as in vitro samples. 4,450 3,721 3,889 5,211 5,563 3,763 4,971 5,267
Sweet potato Of the accessions that are legally and physically available, how many are wild species? 267 - 535
All crops Base number of accessions in the collections (see description note) 15,621 15,756 16,183 16,044 15,749 17,898 17,789 17,830
All crops Number of accessions that are viability tested, disease-free and with sufficient seed number for immediate distribution. 5,516 2,766 2,949 2,652 2,149 5,467 6,605 7,832
All crops Number of seed accessions in the collections 17,898 6,299 4,064 3,977 3,987 4,924 4,958 4,950
All crops Number of vegetatively-propagated accessions in the collections 11,349 10,301 11,124 11,119 11,246 12,651 12,669 12,880
All crops Number of live plant accessions 0 0 0 0 0 0 25 31
All crops Numbers of accessions in seed collections held in long-term storage and safety duplicated in a major genebank and in the Svalbard Global Seed Vault. 0 0 0 2,105 2,301 2,580 2,767 2,796
All crops Number of vegetatively-propagated accessions (e.g., roots, tubers, bananas) in cryopreservation or safety duplicated as in vitro samples. 10,807 9,999 9,817 12,781 13,448 9,727 10,957 11,421
All crops Of the accessions that are legally and physically available, how many are wild species? 0 0 0 0 0 1,402 1,228 1,824

Genebank operations, 2012-2019

HINT: Use the search key to filter the data
Crop Indicator 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Andean roots & tubers Number of accessions with passport & characterization data available . . . . . . . 2,526
Andean Roots & Tubers Number accessions received 0 936 11 0 0 0 0
Andean Roots & Tubers Number accessions regenerated 23 21 64 22 0 0 2 5
Andean Roots & Tubers Number accessions multiplied 52 72 1,441 1,474 1,414 7,987 9,235 7,005
Andean Roots & Tubers Number accessions health tested 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Andean Roots & Tubers Number accessions cleaned 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Andean Roots & Tubers Number accessions viability tested 76 80 64 126 114 60 60 199
Potato Number of accessions with passport & characterization data available . . . . . . . 7,182
Potato Number accessions received 119 245 211 0 1 50 0 104
Potato Number accessions regenerated 1,177 1,578 392 326 377 380 408 412
Potato Number accessions multiplied 3,942 3,662 7,947 3,684 3,321 19,460 22,356 14,602
Potato Number accessions health tested 1,034 725 591 604 293 575 742 718
Potato Number accessions cleaned 411 309 232 93 139 212 391 416
Potato Number accessions viability tested 0 0 506 468 1,003 777 610 550
Sweet potato Number of accessions with passport & characterization data available . . . . . . . 8,075
Sweet potato Number accessions received 435 68 33 12 24 0 0
Sweet potato Number accessions regenerated 137 0 91 126 160 3,083 159 0
Sweet potato Number accessions multiplied 214 2,852 5,363 5,200 5,125 23,684 40,094 28,233
Sweet potato Number accessions health tested 452 399 377 373 429 383 448 202
Sweet potato Number accessions cleaned 352 357 172 78 169 257 218 127
Sweet potato Number accessions viability tested 387 0 183 246 212 217 202 100
All crops Number of accessions with passport & characterization data available . . . . . . . 17,783
All crops Number accessions received 554 1,249 255 12 25 50 0 104
All crops Number accessions regenerated 1,337 1,599 547 474 537 3,463 569 417
All crops Number accessions multiplied 4,208 6,586 14,751 10,358 9,860 51,131 71,685 49,840
All crops Number accessions health tested 1,486 1,124 968 977 722 958 1,190 920
All crops Number accessions cleaned 763 666 404 171 308 469 609 543
All crops Number accessions viability tested 463 80 753 840 1,329 1,054 872 849

Number of samples distributed to users within and outside the CGIAR, 2012-2019

HINT: Use the search key to filter the data. For descriptions of performance indicators, click here.
Crop Indicator 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
All crops Total number external germplasm requests 159 88 54 64 89 81 74 66
All crops Total number external germplasm requests 159 88 54 64 89 81 74 66
All crops Number of samples distributed internally within the Center and to another CGIAR Center 9,068 3,342 875 3,021 2,126 114 1,307 966
All crops Number of samples distributed to users outside the CGIAR 1,639 1,434 2,219 2,293 2,026 3,523 976 2,126
All crops Sum of samples distributed within and outside the CGIAR 10,707 4,776 3,094 5,314 4,152 3,637 2,283 3,092
All crops Number of accessions distributed internally within the Center and to another CGIAR Center 5,850 2,575 630 2,175 2,007 112 935 810
All crops Number of accessions distributed to users outside the CGIAR 994 706 1,445 1,458 1,057 3,294 783 748
All crops Sum of accessions distributed within and outside the CGIAR 6,844 3,281 2,075 3,633 3,064 3,406 1,718 1,558

Publications by CIP genebank staff in 2019

Recent publications with at least one CGIAR genebank staff as author. HINT: Use the search key to filter the data.
Authors Article title Publication name URL
Gutaker, R.M.; Weiss, C.L.; Ellis, D.; Anglin, N.L.; Knapp, S.; Fernandez-Alonso, J.L.; Prat, S.; Burbano, H.A. 2019. The origins and adaptation of European potatoes reconstructed from historical genomes Nature Ecology and Evolution READ
Villagaray, R.; Castro, M.; Anglin, N.L.; Ellis, D. Cryopreserved potato shoot tips showed genotype-specific response to sucrose concentration in rewarming solution (RS) Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture READ
Otyama, P.I.; Wilkey, A.; Kulkarni, R.; Assefa, T.; Chu, Y.; Clevenger, J.; O’Connor, D.J.; Wright, G.C.; Dezern, S.W.; Macdonald, G.E.; Anglin, N.L.; Cannon, E.K.S.; Ozias-Akins, P.; Cannon, S.B. Evaluation of linkage disequilibrium, population structure, and genetic diversity in the U.S. peanut mini core collection BMC Genetics READ
Muñoz-Rodríguez, P.; Carruthers, T.; Wood, J.R.I.; Williams, B.R.M.; Weitemier, K.; Kronmiller, B.; Goodwin, Z.; Sumadijaya, A.; Anglin, N.L.; Filer, D.; Harris, D.; Rausher, M.D.; Kelly, S.; Liston, A.; Scotland, R.W. A taxonomic monograph of Ipomoea integrated across phylogenetic scales. Nature Plants READ
Quispe-Huamanquispe, D. G.; Gheysen G.; Yang, J.; Jarret, R.; Rossel, G.; Kreuze, J. F. The horizontal gene transfer of Agrobacterium T-DNAs into the series Batatas (Genus Ipomoea) genome is not confined to hexaploid sweetpotato. Scientific Reports READ
Drapal, M.; Rossel, G.; Heider, G.; Fraser, P.D. Metabolic diversity in sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas, Lam.) leaves and storage roots Horticulture Research READ
Kyriakidou M, Achakkagari SR, Galvez JHL, Zhu X, Tang CU, Tai H, Anglin NL, Ellis D, Stromvik M. Structural genome analysis in cultivated potato Theoretical and Applied Genetics READ

Publications by CIP genebank staff in 2018

Recent publications with at least one CGIAR genebank staff as author. HINT: Use the search key to filter the data.
Authors Article title Publication name URL
Vollmer, R., Villagaray, R., Castro, M, Anglin, N.L., Ellis, D. Cryopreserved potato shoot tips showed genotype-specific response to sucrose concentration in rewarming solution (RS). Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture READ
Ellis, D., Chavez, O., Coombs, J., Soto, J., Gomez, R., Douches, D., Panta, A., Silvestre, R., Anglin, N. Genetic identity in genebanks: application of the SolCAP 12K SNP array in fingerprinting and diversity analysis in the global in trust potato collection. Genome READ
Kyriakidou, M., Tai, H.H., Anglin, N.L., Ellis, D., Stromvik, M.V. Current strategies of polyploid plant genome sequence assembly. Frontiers in Plant Science READ
Ramirez, D., Yactayo, W., Rolando, J.L., Quiroz, R. Preliminary evidence of nocturnal transpiration and stomatal conductance in potato and their interaction with drought and yield. American Journal of Potato Research READ
Muñoz-Rodriguez, P., Carruthers, T., Wood, J.R.I., Williams, B.R.M., Weitemier, K., Kronmiller, B., Ellis, D., Anglin, N.L., Longway, L., Harris, S.A., Rausher, M.D., Kelly, S., Liston, A., Scotland, R.W. Reconciling conflicting phylogenies in the origin of sweet potato and dispersal to Polynesia. Current Biology READ
Herrera, M.R., Jara Vidalon, L., Montenegro, J.D., Riccio, C., Guzman, F.,Bartolini, I.,Ghislain, M. Molecular and genetic characterization of the Ry adg locus on chromosome XI from Andigena potatoes conferring extreme resistance to potato virus Y. Theoretical and Applied Genetics READ
Sosa, P., Guild, G., Burgos, G., Bonierbale, M., Felde, T.zum. Potential and application of X-ray fluorescence spectrometry to estimate iron and zinc concentration in potato tubers. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis READ
Quiroz, R., Ramírez, D.A., Kroschel, J., Andrade-Piedra, J.L., Barreda, C., Condori, B., Mares, V., Monneveux, P., Perez, W. Impact of climate change on the potato crop and biodiversity in its center of origin. Open Agriculture READ
Souza, J. de, Gamarra, H., Muller, G., Kreuze, J. First report of potato virus S naturally infecting arracacha (Arracacia xanthorrhiza) in Peru. Plant Disease READ

Publications by CIP genebank staff in 2017

Recent publications with at least one CGIAR genebank staff as author. HINT: Use the search key to filter the data.
Authors Article title Publication name URL
Ellis, D., Chavez, O., Coombs, J., Soto, J., Gomez, R., Douches, D., Panta, A., Silvestre, R., Anglin, N. Genetic identity in genebanks: application of the SolCAP 12K SNP array in fingerprinting and diversity analysis in the global in trust potato collection. Genome READ
Vollmer, R., Villagaray, R., Cárdenas, J., Castro, M., Chávez, O., Anglin, N. and Ellis, D. A large-scale viability assessment of the potato cryobank at the International Potato Center (CIP). In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology - Plant READ
Gálvez, J., Tai, H.,Anglin, N., Gardner, K., Ellis, D., Strömvik, M. Understanding potato with the help of genomics. AIMS Agriculture and Food READ
Ramírez, D.A.,Gavilán, C., Barreda, C., Condori, B., Rossel, G., Mwanga, R.O.M., Andrade, M., Monneveu, P., Anglin⁺, N.L.D., Ellis⁺, Q. Characterizing the diversity of sweetpotato through growth parameters and leaf traits: Precocity and light use efficiency as important ordination factors. South African Journal of Botany READ
Zheng, Y., Gao, S., Padmanabhan, Li, R., Galvez, M., Gutierrez, D., Fuentes, S., ShuLing, K., Kreuze, J., Fei, VirusDetect: An automated pipeline for efficient virus discovery using deep sequencing of small RNAs. Virology READ
Ramírez, D., Kreuze, J., Amoros, W., Valdivia-Silva, J.,Ranck, J., Garcia, S., Salas, E.,Yactayo, W. Extreme salinity as a challenge to grow potatoes under Mars-like soil conditions: targeting promising genotypes. International Journal of Astrobiology READ
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