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International Potato Center (CIP)

The genebank of the International Potato Center conserves potato and sweetpotato diversity.

Cryopreservation at the CIP genebank in Lima, Peru.
Cryopreservation at the CIP genebank in Lima, Peru. Credit: Crop Trust
A CIP technician inside the CIP genebank in Lima, Peru.
A CIP technician inside the CIP genebank in Lima, Peru. Credit: Crop Trust

CIP Genebank Website
CIP Genebank Publications

CIP’s collections of potato and sweetpotato are the world’s largest and contain nearly all of the potato wild relatives.

The in vitro genebank is the largest in the world and was one of the first genebanks to obtain ISO 17025 certification for safe and secure movement of germplasm.

The crops conserved at CIP are mostly propagated vegetatively, and so most of the accessions are kept as in vitro plants and in cryopreservation for long-term storage. The CIP genebank has been suggested as a center of excellence for cryobanking. The genebank has a large program to move more accessions into cryopreservation.

The CIP genebank also conserves accessions of nine types of Andean root and tuber crops.

The in vitro sweetpotato collection is backed up in Columbia while the in vitro potato collection is backed up in Brazil.

Useful information

Head of genebank: Noelle Anglin
Phytosanitary & quarantine specialist: Brenda Zea
Contact for ordering germplasm: CIP-Germplasm@cgiar.org

Andean roots and tubers

Potato

Sweetpotato

Key performance indicators of CGIAR genebanks, 2012-2018

HINT: Use the search key to filter the data. For descriptions of performance indicators, click here.
Crop Indicator 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Andean Roots & Tubers Total number of accessions 804 0 136 78 78 2,526 2,526
Andean Roots & Tubers Total number of accessions that are currently available 402 0 68 39 39 47 73
Andean Roots & Tubers Number of seed accessions 402 0 68 39 39 530 -
Andean Roots & Tubers Number of vegetatively-propagated accessions 402 0 68 39 39 1,996 1,996
Andean Roots & Tubers Number of live plant accessions 402 0 68 39 39 0
Andean Roots & Tubers Number of seed accessions held in long-term storage and safety duplicated at two levels 0 0 0 0 0 331 415
Andean Roots & Tubers Number of vegetatively-propagated accessions in cryopreservation or safety duplicated as in vitro 971 1,042 1,314 1,322 1,609 1,490 1,463
Potato Total number of accessions 6,831 6,991 7,107 7,140 6,809 7,323 7,209
Potato Total number of accessions that are currently available 2,676 2,085 2,124 1,694 1,318 3,459 4,231
Potato Number of seed accessions 0 0 0 0 0 2,304 -
Potato Number of vegetatively-propagated accessions 6,831 6,991 7,107 7,140 6,809 5,019 4,871
Potato Number of live plant accessions 0 0 0 0 0 0 25
Potato Number of seed accessions held in long-term storage and safety duplicated at two levels 0 0 0 0 0 1,817 1,890
Potato Number of vegetatively-propagated accessions in cryopreservation or safety duplicated as in vitro 5,386 5,236 4,614 6,248 6,276 4,474 4,523
Sweet potato Total number of accessions 7,588 7,593 6,547 6,375 6,414 8,049 8,054
Sweet potato Total number of accessions that are currently available 2,438 681 757 919 792 1,961 2,301
Sweet potato Number of seed accessions 0 0 0 0 0 2,090 -
Sweet potato Number of vegetatively-propagated accessions 7,588 7,593 6,547 6,375 6,414 5,959 5,964
Sweet potato Number of live plant accessions 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sweet potato Number of seed accessions held in long-term storage and safety duplicated at two levels 0 0 0 0 0 432 462
Sweet potato Number of vegetatively-propagated accessions in cryopreservation or safety duplicated as in vitro 4,450 3,721 3,889 5,211 5,563 3,763 4,971

Genebank operations, 2012-2018

HINT: Use the search key to filter the data
Crop Indicator 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Andean Roots & Tubers Number accessions received 0 936 11 0 0 0
Andean Roots & Tubers Number accessions regenerated 23 21 64 22 0 0 2
Andean Roots & Tubers Number accessions multiplied 52 72 1,441 1,474 1,414 1,562 1,603
Andean Roots & Tubers Number accessions health tested 0 0 0 0 0 0 -
Andean Roots & Tubers Number accessions cleaned 0 0 0 0 0 0 -
Andean Roots & Tubers Number accessions viability tested 76 80 64 126 114 60 60
Potato Number accessions received 119 245 211 0 1 50
Potato Number accessions regenerated 1,177 1,578 392 326 377 380 408
Potato Number accessions multiplied 3,942 3,662 7,947 3,684 3,321 4,279 5,049
Potato Number accessions health tested 1,034 725 591 604 293 575 700
Potato Number accessions cleaned 411 309 232 93 139 212 346
Potato Number accessions viability tested 0 0 506 468 1,003 777 610
Sweet potato Number accessions received 435 68 33 12 24 0
Sweet potato Number accessions regenerated 137 0 91 126 160 3,083 3,050
Sweet potato Number accessions multiplied 214 2,852 5,363 5,200 5,125 5,450 5,535
Sweet potato Number accessions health tested 452 399 377 373 429 383 284
Sweet potato Number accessions cleaned 352 357 172 78 169 257 156
Sweet potato Number accessions viability tested 387 0 183 246 212 217 202

Number of samples distributed to users within and outside the CGIAR, 2012-2018

HINT: Use the search key to filter the data. For descriptions of performance indicators, click here.
Crop Indicator 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
all crops Number of samples distributed within the CGIAR 9,068 3,342 875 3,021 2,126 114
all crops Number of samples distributed outside the CGIAR 1,639 1,434 2,219 2,293 2,026 3,523
all crops Total number of samples distributed 10,707 4,776 3,094 5,314 4,152 3,637
all crops Number of accessions distributed within the CGIAR 5,850 2,575 630 2,175 2,007 112
all crops Number of accessions distributed outside the CGIAR 994 706 1,445 1,458 1,057 3,294
all crops Total number of accessions distributed 6,844 3,281 2,075 3,633 3,064 3,406

Publications by CIP genebank staff in 2018

Recent publications with at least one CGIAR genebank staff as author. HINT: Use the search key to filter the data.
Authors Article title Publication name URL
Vollmer, R., Villagaray, R., Castro, M, Anglin, N.L., Ellis, D. Cryopreserved potato shoot tips showed genotype-specific response to sucrose concentration in rewarming solution (RS). Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture READ
Ellis, D., Chavez, O., Coombs, J., Soto, J., Gomez, R., Douches, D., Panta, A., Silvestre, R., Anglin, N. Genetic identity in genebanks: application of the SolCAP 12K SNP array in fingerprinting and diversity analysis in the global in trust potato collection. Genome READ
Kyriakidou, M., Tai, H.H., Anglin, N.L., Ellis, D., Stromvik, M.V. Current strategies of polyploid plant genome sequence assembly. Frontiers in Plant Science READ
Ramirez, D., Yactayo, W., Rolando, J.L., Quiroz, R. Preliminary evidence of nocturnal transpiration and stomatal conductance in potato and their interaction with drought and yield. American Journal of Potato Research READ
Muñoz-Rodriguez, P., Carruthers, T., Wood, J.R.I., Williams, B.R.M., Weitemier, K., Kronmiller, B., Ellis, D., Anglin, N.L., Longway, L., Harris, S.A., Rausher, M.D., Kelly, S., Liston, A., Scotland, R.W. Reconciling conflicting phylogenies in the origin of sweet potato and dispersal to Polynesia. Current Biology READ
Herrera, M.R., Jara Vidalon, L., Montenegro, J.D., Riccio, C., Guzman, F.,Bartolini, I.,Ghislain, M. Molecular and genetic characterization of the Ry adg locus on chromosome XI from Andigena potatoes conferring extreme resistance to potato virus Y. Theoretical and Applied Genetics READ
Sosa, P., Guild, G., Burgos, G., Bonierbale, M., Felde, T.zum. Potential and application of X-ray fluorescence spectrometry to estimate iron and zinc concentration in potato tubers. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis READ
Quiroz, R., Ramírez, D.A., Kroschel, J., Andrade-Piedra, J.L., Barreda, C., Condori, B., Mares, V., Monneveux, P., Perez, W. Impact of climate change on the potato crop and biodiversity in its center of origin. Open Agriculture READ
Souza, J. de, Gamarra, H., Muller, G., Kreuze, J. First report of potato virus S naturally infecting arracacha (Arracacia xanthorrhiza) in Peru. Plant Disease READ

Publications by CIP genebank staff in 2017

Recent publications with at least one CGIAR genebank staff as author. HINT: Use the search key to filter the data.
Authors Article title Publication name URL
Ellis, D., Chavez, O., Coombs, J., Soto, J., Gomez, R., Douches, D., Panta, A., Silvestre, R., Anglin, N. Genetic identity in genebanks: application of the SolCAP 12K SNP array in fingerprinting and diversity analysis in the global in trust potato collection. Genome READ
Vollmer, R., Villagaray, R., Cárdenas, J., Castro, M., Chávez, O., Anglin, N. and Ellis, D. A large-scale viability assessment of the potato cryobank at the International Potato Center (CIP). In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology - Plant READ
Gálvez, J., Tai, H.,Anglin, N., Gardner, K., Ellis, D., Strömvik, M. Understanding potato with the help of genomics. AIMS Agriculture and Food READ
Ramírez, D.A.,Gavilán, C., Barreda, C., Condori, B., Rossel, G., Mwanga, R.O.M., Andrade, M., Monneveu, P., Anglin⁺, N.L.D., Ellis⁺, Q. Characterizing the diversity of sweetpotato through growth parameters and leaf traits: Precocity and light use efficiency as important ordination factors. South African Journal of Botany READ
Zheng, Y., Gao, S., Padmanabhan, Li, R., Galvez, M., Gutierrez, D., Fuentes, S., ShuLing, K., Kreuze, J., Fei, VirusDetect: An automated pipeline for efficient virus discovery using deep sequencing of small RNAs. Virology READ
Ramírez, D., Kreuze, J., Amoros, W., Valdivia-Silva, J.,Ranck, J., Garcia, S., Salas, E.,Yactayo, W. Extreme salinity as a challenge to grow potatoes under Mars-like soil conditions: targeting promising genotypes. International Journal of Astrobiology READ
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