Genetic Resources Centre
IITA’s genebank is responsible for a range of crops important for food security in Africa. These include seed crops such as Bambara groundnut, cowpea, maize, soybean, African yam bean and other legume species and clonal crops such as banana, cassava and yam, which require very different methods of conservation.
Crops that produce orthodox seeds are maintained in medium-term storage (5°C and 30–35% relative humidity) or long-term storage (–20°C). Clonal crops are maintained in field genebanks and in vitro.
The IITA genebank collaborates with CGIAR breeders of maize, banana, grain legumes and roots and tubers.
The germplasm health unit is well established. Work is taking place to establish a high-throughput procedure for cleaning yam accessions of pests and diseases.
Genebank Manager: Michael Abberton
Head of GHU: Lava Kumar
Key staff: Badara Gueye, In vitro specialist; Tchamba Marimagne, Database manager.
Status of IITA seed genebank according to performance targets
IITA genebank by the numbers
|Full-time staff equivalents||40.1|
|Date to reach performance targets||Seed collections 2017; clonal collections 2021|
|Projected accession numbers in 2022||Seed collections 23,731; clonal collections 9,440|
IITA Genetic Resources Center Website
Search IITA’s crop databases
Search Genesys for accessions at IITA