Genetic Resources Centre
IITA’s genebank is responsible for a range of crops important for food security in Africa. These include seed crops such as Bambara groundnut, cowpea, maize, soybean, African yam bean and other legume species and clonal crops such as banana, cassava and yam, which require very different methods of conservation.
Crops that produce orthodox seeds are maintained in medium-term storage (5°C and 30–35% relative humidity) or long-term storage (–20°C). Clonal crops are maintained in field genebanks and in vitro.
The IITA genebank collaborates with CGIAR breeders of maize, banana, grain legumes and roots and tubers.
The germplasm health unit is well established. Work is taking place to establish a high-throughput procedure for cleaning yam accessions of pests and diseases.
Genebank Manager: Michael Abberton
Head of GHU: Lava Kumar
Key staff: Badara Gueye, In vitro specialist; Tchamba Marimagne, Database manager.
IITA Genetic Resources Center Website
Search IITA’s crop databases
Search Genesys for accessions at IITA
Key performance indicators of CGIAR genebanks, 2012-2017HINT: Use the search key to filter the data. For descriptions of performance indicators, click here.
|1. Total number of accessions||30,515||30,363||30,658||32,857||32,857||34,651|
|2. Total number of accessions that are currently available||5,418||6,286||8,477||13,172||17,475||25,971|
|3. Number of seed accessions||23,575||23,575||23,297||23,299||23,299||25,235|
|4. Number of vegetatively-propagated accessions||6,940||6,788||7,361||9,558||9,558||9,416|
|5. Number of seed accessions held in long-term storage and safety duplicated at two levels||11,661||11,697||11,697||11,761||11,761||11,761|
|6. Number of vegetatively-propagated accessions in cryopreservation or safety duplicated as in vitro||0||0||0||3,583||2,888||3,501|
Genebank operations, 2012-2017HINT: Use the search key to filter the data
|Number accessions received||1,165||326||123||47||1,743||2,151|
|Number accessions regenerated||0||924||1||2,365||2,195||9,519|
|Number accessions multiplied||5,475||4,867||11,868||6,131||9,555||6,903|
|Number accessions health tested||620||926||3,061||5,949||6,331||5,317|
|Number accessions cleaned||454||897||2,752||4,930||5,145||3,849|
|Number accessions viability tested||4,787||12,079||9,334||8,353||1,666||2,136|
Number of samples distributed to users within and outside the CGIAR, 2012-2017HINT: Use the search key to filter the data. For descriptions of performance indicators, click here.
|Number of samples distributed within the CGIAR||433||1,649||1,260||1,913||1,153||75|
|Number of samples distributed outside the CGIAR||993||752||1,443||3,338||1,584||3,372|
|Total number of samples distributed||1,426||2,401||2,703||5,251||2,737||3,447|
|Number of accessions distributed within the CGIAR||420||1,093||990||957||1,122||74|
|Number of accessions distributed outside the CGIAR||947||545||1,169||2,037||1,432||2,783|
|Total number of accessions distributed||1,367||1,638||2,159||2,994||2,554||2,857|