Banana Diversity Tree

The Banana Diversity Tree is a representation of the overall structure of crop diversity obtained by dividing the diversity within a crop genepool in a hierarchical manner. The structure of the tree is based on published information and consultation with experts.

Credits for contributing to the development of the Banana Diversity Trees (in alphabetical order)

Key people contributing to the collecting missions in 2018:

Literature consulted

Daniells, Jeff. 2001. Musalogue: a catalogue of Musa germplasm: diversity in the genus Musa. Bioversity International.

De Langhe, Edmond, et al. 2009. “Why bananas matter: an introduction to the history of banana domestication.” Ethnobotany Research and Applications 7: 165-177.

de Jesus, Onildo Nunes, et al. 2013. “Genetic diversity and population structure of Musa accessions in ex situ conservation.” BMC Plant Biology 13(1): 41.

Gawel, N. J., R. L. Jarret, and A. P. Whittemore. 1992. “Restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP)-based phylogenetic analysis of Musa.” Theoretical and Applied Genetics 84.3-4: 286-290.

Guzzon, Filippo, and Jonas V. Müller. 2016. “Current availability of seed material of enset (Ensete ventricosum, Musaceae) and its Sub-Saharan wild relatives.” Genetic resources and crop evolution 63(2): 185-191.

Häkkinen, Markku. 2013. “Reappraisal of sectional taxonomy in Musa (Musaceae).” Taxon 62(4): 809-813.

Heslop-Harrison, J. S., and Trude Schwarzacher. 2007. “Domestication, genomics and the future for banana.” Annals of Botany 100(5): 1073-1084.

Janssens, Steven B., et al. 2016. “Evolutionary dynamics and biogeography of Musaceae reveal a correlation between the diversification of the banana family and the geological and climatic history of Southeast Asia.” New Phytologist 210(4): 1453-1465.

Kennedy, Jean. 2008 “Pacific bananas: complex origins, multiple dispersals?.” Asian Perspectives 47(1): 75-94.

Liu, Ai-Zhong, W. John Kress, and De-Zhu Li. 2010 “Phylogenetic analyses of the banana family (Musaceae) based on nuclear ribosomal (ITS) and chloroplast (trnL-F) evidence.” Taxon 59(1): 20-28.

Manzo-Sánchez, Gilberto, et al. 2015. “Genetic Diversity in Bananas and Plantains (Musa spp.).” Molecular Approaches to Genetic Diversity. InTech.

MusaNet. 2016. “Global Strategy for the Conservation and use of Musa (Banana) Genetic Resources. Bioversity International, Montpellier, France.

Nayar, N. M. 2010. “2 The Bananas: Botany, Origin, Dispersal.” Horticultural Reviews 36: 117.

Novák, Petr, et al. 2014. “Genome-wide analysis of repeat diversity across the family Musaceae.” PLoS One 9(6): e98918.

Noyer, Jean-Louis, et al. 2005 “A new image of plantain diversity assessed by SSR, AFLP and MSAP markers.” Genetica 124(1): 61-69.

Perrier, Xavier, et al. 2011. “Multidisciplinary perspectives on banana (Musa spp.) domestication.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 108(28): 11311-11318.

Sardos, J., et al. 2018. “Collection of new diversity of wild and cultivated bananas (Musa spp.) in the Autonomous Region of Bougainville, Papua New Guinea.” Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution: 1-20.

Sharrock, S. 1995. “Collecting the Musa gene pool in Papua New Guinea.” Collecting plant genetic diversity. Technical guidelines: 647-658.

The Genebanks

The 11 CGIAR genebanks currently conserve 730,000 of cereals and grain legumes, forage crops, tree species, root and tuber crops, bananas and crop wild relatives.